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Timeline of Edward III

1300 July Siege of Caverlock castle, siege lasts 5 days before castle is captured
1300 October 30 Truce with Scots

1301 February 7 Edward I grants his son the title Prince of Wales at Lincoln Parliament
1301 May 20 England and France sign peace treaty
1301 Summer Edward I advances into Scotland

1302 Spring Edward I and Scots sign peace treaty, John Seagrave left with force of 20,000
1302 July 11 Battle of the Golden Spurs, Flemish defeat French at Courtrai

1303 Winter Baltic Sea freezes over
1303 Edward I captures Urquhart Castle
1303 Treaty of Paris Philippe IV of France gives back French land including Gascony to Edward I and Philippe IV daughter was to marry Edward I son, the future Edward II
1303 February 24 Battle of Roslin, 8000 Scots defeat 30000 English, English invasion of Scotland halted
1303 Spring John Comyn appointed Regent of Scotland
1303 May Battle of Stirling, Edward I defeats Scots
1303 October 12 Pope Boniface VIII dies
1303 October 22 Benedict XI elected Pope 1303-1304

1304 Rhineland crusaders assist the Teutonic Knights against Lithuania
1304 February Battle of Happrew, Edward I defeats William Wallace
1304 Spring Edward I lays siege to Stirling Castle
1304 July 20 Pope Benedict XI dies
1304 July 20 Stirling castle falls to the English
1304 August French defeat Flemmings at Mons-en-Pévéle, near Lille

1305 'Captivity of the Popes', from 1305 to 1378 the Papacy was based in Avignon and not Rome
1305 June 5 Clement V elected Pope, 1305-14
1305 August 23 William Wallace Executed

1306 England expels around 100,000 Jews
1306 Winter Baltic sea freezes over
1306 Knights of St John purchase Rhodes
1306 A Londoner is executed for burning coal
1306 February 6 Robert the Bruce murders John 'red hand' Comyn at Dumfries
1306 March 25 Robert Bruce, Robert I crowned king of Scotland at Scone
1306 May Robert I 'the Bruce' King of the Scots excommunicated by Pope Clement V
1306 June 19 Battle of Methven English defeat Scots
1306 July 21 King Phillipe of France confiscates Italian bankers assets and expels Jews after seizing them of their assets
1306 August 11 Battle of Dalry John MacDougall of Argyll, Lord of Lorne defeats Robert the Bruce

1307 Dante Alighieri begins 'The Commedia' which becomes 'The Divine Comedy'
1307 Roger di Flor with 6,000 Catalan mercenaries is turned back by Constantinople
1307 Battle of Turnberry Scots defeat English
1307 February 9 Dougal Macdowell defeats Thomas and Alexander Bruce
1307 May 8 Battle of Sanquhar Scots defeat English
1307 May 10 Battle of Loudon Hill Scots defeat English (also given as inconclusive)
1307 May 13 Battle of Ayr Robert Bruce defeats Ralph de Monthermet
1307 July 7 Edward I dies (1272-1307)
1307 July 8 Edward Prince of Wales crowned as Edward II (1307-1327) by Robert of Winchelsea Archbishop of Canterbury
1307 August 6 Edward II makes Piers Gaveston the Earl of Cornwall
1307 August 21 The Pope exempts the Templars from a tax by Edward II
1307 September 14 Battle of Paisley Forest, English defeat Scots
1307 October 13 Friday, Knights Templars are arrested on King Phillipe of France orders, giving rise to fear of Friday 13th
1307 November 7 William Tell shoots Hermann Gessler the Austrian Governor of Tyrol
1307 November 8 Swiss rebel against the Austrians
1307 November 18 William Tell shoots an apple from his sons head
1307 December 24 Batle of Inverurie/Battle of Barra Hill, Robert Bruce defeats Earl of Buchan


1308 Battle of Kirroughtree, Edward Bruce defeats the English John de St John
1308 Robert Bruce takes Urquhart castle
1308 Teutonic Knights occupy Danzig
1308 January 23 Edward II Married Isabella of France, the daughter of King Philippe IV of France
1308 February 25 Edward II crowned king at Westminster Abbey
1308 May 1 Albrecht I of Austria murdered
1308 June Piers Gaveston banished
1308 June 29 Battle of the River Dee, Kircudbrights, Scots defeat English
1308 15th August Battle of Brander Pass, Robert Bruce defeats MacDougalls

1309 Robert Bruce recognised King of Scotland by Scottish parliament
1309 Teutonic Order headquarters moved from Venice to Marienburg
1309 Venice, construction begins on the Doges palace
1309 Babylonian Exile of the papacy as Clement V moves the Papcy to Avignon, France
1309 Regulation in London prohibits casting of filth into its streets and lanes
1309 Edward II issues a proclomation aginast nobles for the 'outrageous consumption of meats and fine dishes'
1309 August Charles II king of Naples dies
1309 August 6 Assembly of Stamford a letter of remonstrance sent to the pope on the abuses in the church
1309 August 16 Knights of the Order of St John capture Rhodes from the Saracens
1309 September 13 to prosecute the Templars 2 French Inquisitors arrive in England but stopped by English law

1310 Lord Ordainers appointed by Barons to help Rule England
1310 May 12 France, 54 Templars are burnt alive
1310 December 24 Pope Clement V orders English Templars to be questioned under torture

1311 Notre Dame Cathedral, Reims, France, finished
1311 Battle of Corbridge, Northumberland, Scots defeat English
1311 Battle of Berwick, Northumberland, English defeat Scots
1311 Battle of Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scots defeat English
1311 January 6 Henry VII crowned king of the Lombards
1311 September 27 Reform ordinances requiring baronial consent to royal appointments, to any declaration of war, and to a departure of Edward II from his realm confirmed by parliament
1311 November 3 Piers Gaveston departs England

1312 Canary Islands discovered by Genoese sailors
1312 Siege of Scarborough
1312 Treaty of Vienne, Lyon becomes part of France
1312 Battle of Hexham, Northumberland, Scots defeat English
1312 Battle of Durham, Northumberland, Scots defeat English
1312 Battle of Hartlepool, Northumberland, Scots defeat English
1312 March 22 Pope Clement V issues the Papal Bull Vox in excelso giving a large portion of the Templars possessions to the order of the Knights of St John
1312 May Piers Gaveston surrenders
1312 June 19 Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall was beheaded
1312 June 29 Henry VII crowned Holy Roman Emperor
1312 November 13 Edward Born at Windsor Castle, Berkshire, son of Edward II and Isabella of France (1327-1377)
1312 November 16, Edward Christened at the Royal Chapel, Windsor Castle, Berkshire

1313 Battle of Roxburgh Scots defeat English
1313 Battle of Perth, Scots defeat English
1313 Statute forbidding Bearing of Armour making it illegal to enter the houses of parliament wearing a suit of armour
1313 February 7 Robert the Bruce captures Dumfries, Scotland
1313 May 14 Scots retake Edinburgh Castle
1313 May 18 Robert the Bruce lands on the Isle of Man
1313 June Siege of Stirling Castle by the Scots
1313 August 24 The Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII of Luxembourg dies
1313 December 23 Edward II calls for Earls to provide men and arms to attacks Scots and meet at Berwick on 10th June 1314

1314 St Pauls Cathedral, London finished
1314 Philippa of Hainault born
1314 football banned in England for being too violent
1314 March 19 Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Templars, and Geoffri de Charney, burnt at the stake in Paris
1314 April 20 Pope Clement V dies, within the same year as the Templars leaders
1314 June 17 Edward II leaves Berwick
1314 June 21 Edward II relieves siege of Edinburgh
1314 June 24 Battle of Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce defeats English
1314 November 25 Louis of Bavaria crowned king of Germany
1314 November 29 Philippe IV the fair, King of France, died of a hunting accident, within the same year as the deaths of the Knight Templar leaders at the stake. Succeeded by his eldest son Louis X

1315 Heavy rains across Europe cause flooding and crop failure leading to famine known as 'The Great Famine' extending into 1316
1315 Wheat prices rise to 3 Shillings 3 pence per bushel and a quarter of salt 35 shillings
1315 Battle of Fordell, Fife, Scots defeat English
1315 Statute of Sheriffs
1315 May 25 Edward the Bruce invades Ireland
1315 August 29 Battle of Montecatini Pisa defeats Florence
1315 September 10 Battle of Connor won by Edward the Bruce
1315 November 15 Battle of Morgarten, Swiss infantry defeat Leopold of Austria
1315 November 15 Birth of John I king of France
1315 November 20 Death of John I king of France

1316 January 26 Rebellion of Llywelyn Bren in Glamorgan, in an attempt to become the Welsh king
1316 January 26 Battle of Ardscull Edward Bruce with the Irish defeat the English
1316 May 1 Edward the Bruce crowned king of Ireland
1316 June 15 Louis X ('le hutin', 'the Quarreler') King of France dies
1316 August 10 Battle of Athenry an Irish uprising to support Robert the Bruce
1316 August 15 birth of John, second son of Edward II and Isabella
1316 September 5 John XXII elected Pope, 1316-34
1316 November 15 John son of Louis X born and succeeds him
1316 November 22 John son of Louis X dies
1316 November 22 Philip 'The Tall', brother of louis X succeeds John as King of France

1317 France adopts the Salic law excluding women from the throne
1317 Deluge in the Fleet river, London sweeps away houses and residents
1317 Battle near Berwick, Scots defeat English
1317 Earl of Lancaster besieges Sandal castle

1318 Cambridge University given the right to confer degrees
1318 Novogorodians raid Finland and burn Abo cathedral
1318 April Battle of Berwick, Northumberland, Scots defeat English
1318 June 18 birth of Eleanor, first daughter and third child of Edward II and Isabella
1318 August Hugh Despencer is made Chamberlain
1318 August 9 Treaty of Leake with Earl of Lancaster
1318 October 14 Battle of Faughart Edward Bruce brother of Robert Bruce who claimed kingdom of Ireland was killed at the Battle of Faughart (or Battle of Dundalk) by the English lead by John de Birmingham

1319 European cattle die of a Pestilence causing famine as oxen are used to till the fields, this lasts through to 1321
1319 Birger king of Sweden dies
1319 Magnus I becomes king of Sweden
1319 June Edward marches to free Berwick
1319 September 20 Battle of Mitton (or Myton) Scots under Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, defeat English army in Yorkshire (so many clergy were killed in that the encounter was known as 'The Chapter')

1320 Pastoureaux rebellion, France
1320 The poet 'Pearl' writes Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
1320 Peace of Paris, France and Flanders reach a peace agreement
1320 Eric VI king of Denmark dies
1320 Christopher II becomes king of Denmark
1320 April 6 Declaration of Arbroath
1320 September 20 Battle of Mtyon-in-Swalesdale Scots defeat English
1320 December Declaration of Arbroath, asks Pope John XXII to recognise Scotland independence

1321 Battle on the Irpen River Gediminas Grand Duke of Lithuania defeated Prince Stanislav of Kiev
1321 July Parliament at Windsor
1321 August Despencer's banished from England
1321 September Edwards first Tournament, Cheapside
1321 September 14 Dante Alighieri dies
1321 October Edward II sieges Leeds Castle

1322 Ely Cathedral tower collapses
1322 Parliament meets in York. For the first time representatives from Wales are included
1322 Worshipful Company of Armourers and Brasisers formed
1322 January 2 Philip V of France dies
1322 January 3 Charles IV succeeds his brother Philippe as King of France
1322 March 16 Battle of Boroughbridge Edward II's army under Andrew Harcley, the Earl of Carlisle, defeats Earl of Lancaster
1322 March 22 Edward II executes Earl of Lancaster outside the walls of Pontefract castle
1322 July 50 people are crushed to death in Blackfriars Priory, London in a crowd receiving alms
1322 July Scots invade northern England
1322 August Edward II invades Scotland
1322 September 1322 Battle of Muhldorf Louis IV king of Germany defeats Frederick of Austria
1322 October 14 Battle of Byland, Robert the Bruce defeats English in Yorkshire Edward II and Isabella flee to escape capture

1323 St Albans Abbey, wall and roof collapse after pillars in the south Nave collapse
1323 Treaty of Noteborg ends Swedish and Novgorodian war
1323 Peace of Vilnius between the Teutonic Order and Gediminas of Lithuania
1323 May England signs a 13 year peace with Scotland
1323 October 15 A Royal French Sargeant erects a stake at Saint-Sardos with the French Royal Arms
1323 October 16 Raymond-Bernard lord of Montpezat raids Saint-Sardos and kills the French Royal Sargeant

1324 Estimated annual receipts from the Duchy of Gascony held by the English were £13,000
1324 De Praerogativa Regis, The Statute of the King's Prerogative, allowing the King to take control of lands of those deemed to be fools or mad
1324 Statute for the passing of all land of the Templar Knights to the Order of the Hospitallers
1324 January 9 Marco Polo dies
1324 March 5 David II Bruce born, king of Scotland (1331-71)
1324 March 23 Louis IV Holy Roman Emperor is excommunicated
1324 August Charles VI invades Gascony after confiscating it because of an attack on the bastide of Saint-Sardos in October 1323
1324 September 22 Charles VI defeats the Earl of Kent at La Réole after it surrenders

1325 Sir Geoffrey Luttrell commissions the Luttrel Psalter
1325 Central Tower of Peterborough Cathedral started
1325 Guild of Blacsmiths recognised as the Worshipful Company of Blacksmiths
1325 September 2 Edward, Prince of Wales is made Duke of Aquitaine
1325 September 10 Edward, Prince of Wales is made Count of Ponthieu
1325 September 12 Edward, Prince of Wales leaves England for France to pay homage to Charles IV for Aquitaine
1325 September 21 Prince Edward meets Charles IV to pay homage. The French king gave the Prince the title to Duke of Aquitaine and informed the English King that the French were going to retain the Agenais. Prince Edward had been effectively captured and his mother, Isabella, the English Queen had begun to plan removing her husband from the throne of England

1326 Edward II founds Oriel College Oxford
1326 Clare College, Cambridge founded by the university's Chancellor, Richard de Badew
1326 Florentine banking house of Scali fails
1326 London Mob behead the Bishop of London
1326 Pope John XXII excommunicates William of Ockham
1326 First Scottish parliament at Cambuskenneth
1326 Chrisopher II king of Denmark dies
1326 Valdemar III becomes king of Denmark
1326 February 28 Duke Leopold of Austria dies
1326 Spring Philippa Of Hainault betrothed to Edward III in return for troops to fight for Isabella and Mortimer's invasion of England
1326 March 5, Louis I (the Great) born, King of Hungary (1342-1382) and Poland (1370-1382)
1326 August 16 Charles IV orders arrest of all Englishmen in France and confiscation of half their property
1326 September 24 Mortimer and Isabella set sail from Dortrecht
1326 September 24 Mortimer and Isabella invaded England, landing on the Colvasse Peninsula near Walton-on-Naze
1326 October 26 Prince Edward named Keeper of the Realm
1326 November 16 King Edward II captured at Neath Abbey by Henry Earl of Leicester. The Despensers were also captured. Hugh Despenser was given a short trial and executed as a traitor. Edward was taken to Kenilworth castle and imprisoned

1327 Clock chiming every hour and showing phases of the moon and eclipses was built by Richard Wallingford, Abbot of St Albans
1327 Robert Bruce of Scotland launches an invasion of England to try and force recognition of Scotland's independence
1327 Worshipful Company of Skinners receives a Royal Charter
1327 Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors receives a Royal Charter
1327 Worshipful Company of Girdlers receives the right to regulate Girdlers
1327 January 13 Parliament at Westminster chooses Prince Edward as future king of England
1327 January 20 Edward II Abdicates in favour of his son, Prince Edward


1327 January 25 Edward III ascends to throne of England, age 14
1327 February 1 Edward III Crowned at Westminster by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1327 February 1 Scots Attack Norham Castle but fail to capture it
1327 March 30 The Most Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths is chartered in England
1327 March 31 Mortimer and Isabella make a treaty with France, all conquests by Oliver Ingham, Senescahl of Aquitaine are returned to France and payment of 50000 marks
1327 May Commoners prohibited from buying cloth not made in England
1327 June Queen Isabella hires 500 Mercenaries from Hainault. When in York, a riot breaks out over a game of dice leaving 316 Lincolnshire archers dead
1327 July Dunheved gang attack and loot Berkley Castle freeing Edward II, who is recaptured some time later
1327 September 21 Edward II was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire and murdered with a red hot poker, inserted into his rectum, the conventional method used to kill homosexuals at the time, there is no evidence however for Edward II having more than a close relationship. Edward was buried at the abbey church at Gloucester. One account tells that Edward escaped and lived out his life in exile, in Italy, identified by scholars as the monastery of St Alberto of Bruto, near Cecime
1327 September Parliament at Nottingham
1327 October Abbey of Bury is attacked by rioters
1327 November 8 Order for wine sellers in London to stop selling short measures or mixing in poor quality wines

1328 John Wycliffe born (1328-1384), later declared a heretic and his body was exhumed in 1428 to be burnt
1328 Parliament in Salisbury and Mortimer named an Earl
1328 January 17 King Louis IV the German king is crowned the Holy Roman Emperor
1328 January 14 Storm destroys part of Dunwich, storm blocks harbour with gravel nd pebbles ending its life as one of Englands major ports
1328 January 24 Marriage of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault at York Minster
1328 February 1 Charles IV King of France 'the beautiful one' (1322-1328) dies, and is the end of the Capetian kings descended from Charlemagne, succeeded by Philippe VI the first of the Valois kings, a first cousin, as Charles IV was without heir, his pregnant wife giving birth to a daughter, not able under French Salic law to succeed to the throne. Edward had a claim to the throne as the nephew of Charles IV
1328 April 1 Queen Jeanne, wife of Charles IV, gives birth to a daughter
1328 May 1 Treaty Of Northampton, called the Shameful Peace and Edward renounced his claim to the throne of Scotland
1328 May 26 William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
1328 May 27 French king Philip VI Valois crowned
1328 June Statute of Northampton forbidding the wearing of arms before the kings law enforcers, and in public places such as fairs or markets
1328 July 12 David Bruce, son of Robert Bruce married Joanna Plantagenet, sister to king Edward III
1328 August 23 King Philip of France defeats Flemish at the battle of Cassel
1328 Summer Marriage of David (II), son of Robert King of the Scots, to Edward's sister Joan as part of the Treaty of Northampton

1329 Tournament at Dunstable
1329 June 6 Edward agrees to do homage to Philippe of Valois for the lands he held in Aquitaine. Edward did not place his hands between Philippe's, a sign of total loyalty which would have been hard to go against, as Edward was unhappy about Philippe's claim to the French throne and wanted Philippe's daughter Joan to marry his first son Edward the Black Prince
1329 June 7 Robert the Bruce dies, possibly from leprosy and is succeeded by his son David II as King of the Scots. David was only 5 years old and so Edward Balliol claimed his right to the throne being the son of John who was king of Scotland (1292-1296)

1330 Building work starts on the West window of York Minster
1330 A plot was set up to lure out any traitors to Edward III, by putting a false Edward II at Corfe castle. The Earl of Kent, Edward II brother was tricked, and was alleged to have conspired to free his brother, and as a result was beheaded
1330 Sherborne Castle is given to the Earl of Salisbury
1330 Statute defining Justices and Sheriffs and that parliament should meet once per year
1330 Valdemar III king of Denmark dies
1330 January Parliament at Winchester
1330 January 13 Frederick III of Germany dies
1330 March Roger Mortimer had the Earl of Kent, Edmund of Woodstock executed. Edmund was Edward II's half brother
1330 June 15 Edward Of Woodstock born at Woodstock, the Kings eldest son, later the Prince of Wales and the Black Prince (1330-1376)
1330 (soon after birth of Edward) Tournament at Cheapside, Due to weight of numbers the Queen's stand collapses
1330 August 15 Battle of Teba, Andalusia, Spain, Alfonso XI of Castile defeats army of Muhammed IV, Sultan of Granada. Sir James Douglas is killed taking the heart of Robert the Bruce into battle
1330 October 19 Parliament at Nottingham. Roger Mortimer arrested at Nottingham Castle. Edward gains the power of being king
1330 November 29 Roger Mortimer hanged at Tyburn, Isabella was sent to Castle Rising, many of Isabella's towns, cities and honour's given to Philippa
1330 December 29 Charter for fair at Droitwich

1331 Trinity Hospital founded
1331 Saintes is sacked by Charles the Comte d'Alençon
1331 Worshipful Company of Butchers receives the right to regulate their trade
1331 Edward III bans football throughout the kingdom
1331 February Terms of homage for Edward III are discussed by embassy to France led by Sir William Montacute and the bishops of Worcester and Norwich
1331 March 30 Paris agreement, acknowledges Duchy of Aquitaine as ruled by England but those in the territory should pay homage to King of France
1331 April 4 Edward III disguised as a merchant travels to France secretly to meet with Phillipe VI. They come to an agreement that Edward III need not do homage for Aquitaine
1331 September Tournament at Cheapside, Edward III fights Henry of Lancaster, William of Montague and 12 others against all Parliament meets at Westminster. Queens stand collapses
1331 September Parliament at Westminster

1332 Prussia makes peace with Poland
1332 The Worshipful Company of Armourers founded in 1332 as Guild of St. George of the Armourers
1332 June 16 Princess Isabella is born, daughter of Edward III
1332 July 20 Thomas Randolph, Early of Moray, Regent of Scotland dies, at Musselburgh, on the firth of Forth where he was awaiting Edward Balliol's army
1332 July 25 King Philip takes the cross for a crusade to Palestine
1332 July 31 The disinherited led by Edward Balloil and Henry Beaumont, set sail from Yorkshire ports
1332 August 2 Donald Earl of Mar appointed Regent of Scotland by Scottish nobles
1332 August 6 Edward Balliol lands at Kinghorn, Fife, Scotland
1332 August 12 Edward Balliol, son of John of Balliol defeats David II at the Battle of Dupplin Moor with help from English archers
1332 September 9 Parliament meets, the "Common Assent" or the assent of Parliament came to be required in Edward's time if the King needed extra taxes for military excursions. This was the first parliament to vote supplies for war with a 10% tax on movables and 15% on unmovables
1332 September 24 Edward Balliol crowned King of Scotland at Scone
1332 September 27 Battle of Plowce, Ladislas IV Lokietek of Poland defeats the Teutonic knights
1332 November Edward Balliol acknowledges that Scotland is a fiefdom of England
1332 November 24 Coronation of David II king of Scotland at Scone
1332 December 4-8 Parliament held in York
1332 December 17 Archibald Douglas, Guardian of Scotland attacks Edward Balliol at Annan Balliol during the night, most of his men are killed while sleeping but Balliol escapes and flee's to England

1333 Isle of Man comes under English control, Montagu, an English Baron, took control of the Isle of Man from Scotland
1333 Edward of Woodstock becomes Earl of Chester
1333 January 20 Parliament held in London. Edward III moves the seat of government to York.
1333 March Ladislas IV Lokietek (Wladislaw) dies and succeeded by his son Casimir III
1333 June 8 Edward III orders seizure of the Isle of Mann
1333 June12 Edward III and King Edward Balliol invade Scotland and lay siege to Berwick
1333 June 28 Warden of Berwick agrees to surrender if siege is not lifted in 2 weeks and give 12 hostages to the English
1333 July 11 A small number of Scots reach Berwick claiming to have lifted the siege, Edward III denies that the siege has been lifted and hangs a hostage
1333 July 19 Edward III defeats Scots at battle of Halidon Hill, Edward Balliol put back on throne of Scotland
1333 July 20 With the relieving army defeated, Berwick surrenders to Edward III
1333 October 2 Pré-aux-Clercs outside the abbey of St. Germain, near Paris, Philippe VI king of France takes the cross of crusade
1333 November 8 First Autumn fair at Kendal

1334 Construction starts on the The tower and spire of Salisbury Cathedral work finishes in 1380. The spire at 404ft was to be the tallest stone spire built in the Medieval era
1334 February Edward Balloil summons Scottish Parliament at Holyrood Abbey to ratify his agreement with Edward III
1334 May David Bruce II arrives in France as an exile
1334 June 19 Edward Balliol pays homage to Edward III
1334 July Robert Stewart and John Randolph, Earl of Moray start a rebellion that spreads across south west Scotland, they capture Dunoon Castle and Rothesay
1334 August Scottish rebellion that spreads across whole of Scotland
1334 August 24 Edward Balliol and his allies disperse to their own lands, Edward is forced to flee to Berwick on Tweed
1334 August 30 Pedro, the Cruel, King of Castilia & Leon, born
1334 September Parliament at Westminster and vote Edward III a subsidy for war on Scotland
1334 September 29 Agen, French commissioners demand the surrender of Blanquefort and Veyrines
1334 November Edward III invades Scotland with 4000 men
1334 December 4 Pope John XXII dies
1334 December 20 Cardinal Jaques Fournier elected Pope Benedict XII , 1334-1342
1334 Winter severe winter weather
1334 After December 25 Edward III leads army through forest of Etterick and Edward Balliol travels north from Carlisle looking for Scottish rebels

1335 Battle of Borough Muir, Edinburgh, Earl of Moray defeats Guy Count of Namur
1335 February Dumbarton castle, a ship is seen unloading French supplies, Edward III orders a blockade
1335 February Edward III and Edward Balliol return to England
1335 February 18 Edward III arrives in Newcastle and receives Philippe VI's ambassadors
1335 March 26 Edward III decides to invade Scotalnd again
1335 March 27 Edward III orders writs for the assembly of an army at Newcastle by 11 June
1335 Easter French ambassadors agree a peace between England and Scotland until mid summer
1335 April 20 Scots privateer, John of St. Agatha captures the English ship the Little Lechevard of Southampton in the Seine Estuary
1335 May 27 Parliament meets at York and endorses Edward III's plans to invade Scotland
1335 July 7 Philippe VI writes to Edward III and invites an arbitration by the Pope
1335 July Edward III and Edward Balliol invade Scotland with 13,000 men
1335 August 15 Scots make peace with English
1335 November 1 Hugh d'Aimery a papal legate reaches Newcastle
1335 November 30 Battle of Culblean, Aberdeenshire, Sir Andrew Moray defeats David of Strathbogie

1336 France purchases the imperial fief of the Dauphine
1336 Sumptury law passed to preserve class distinction, repealed in 1337
1336 January 26 Anglo Scottish truce is extended to middle of April
1336 January 29 the papal bull 'Benedictus Deus' is issued by Pope Benedict XII which confirming the existence of the Beatific Vision
1336 March Pope Benedict XII meets in Avignon with king Phillipe VI of France and cancels the crusade
1336 March 11 Parliament mets at Westminster. David II has rejected the latest peace proposal. Parliament votes further money for war
1336 April 7 Edward III announces intention to invade Scotland at end of peace
1336 May Henry of Lancaster leads an army of 1100 men into Scotland
1336 June 11 Edward III departs propose grand council in Northampton and leaves for Newcastle to join with 400 men headed for Perth
1336 June 25 Great Council in Northampton meets without Edward III
1336 July 7 the bishops of Durham and Winchester are appointed ambassadors to France, amongst others
1336 July 12 Edward III departs Perth with his army and relieves siege of Lochindorb
1336 July 17 Edward III and his army arrive at the Moray Firth, pillaging as they go
1336 July 21 Edward III and his army reach Aberdeen, burning the town
1336 end of July John of Eltham leads several thousand men into Scotland
1336 August embassy to France with the bishops of Durham and Winchester meet with king Philippe but negotiations do not go well
1336 August 12 Louis de Nevers, count of Flanders from 1322, prohibited trade with England to attempt to put down the powerful cloth-weavers in the area. Louis suspected some kind of reason between the weavers and England and so banned the wool trade to cut of supplies of wool that their wealth relied on. Edward changed the only port where wool was imported to the continent from Bruges to Antwerp
1336 August 20 Philippe VI of France announces his intention to aid the Scots and invade England
1336 August 22 Orford is attacked by 4 French warships, capturing the ship the Caterine
1336 September 24 Edward III arrives in Nottingham for the Great Council and levy a special tax on wool merchants.as well as grants a tax of a tenth on movables and a fifteenth on lands
1336 September 25 Great Council at Nottingham, England prepares for an invasion
1336 September 13 John of Eltham brother to Edward III, dies, Earldom of Cornwall reverts to Crown
1336 October Edward III asks the Pope for funds that were to be used for the crusade to be used for his own needs, the Pope refuses and Edward takes the money anayway from St. Mary's Abbey and subsidiary chests from English cathedrals
1336 October The English strongholds of Dunnotar, Kynnef and Lauriston are captured and destroyed by Andrew Murray, Guardian of Scotland who also ravages Gowrie, Angus and Mearns
1336 October 18 Edward III marches to Bothwell to reinforce the fortress
1336 October 22 Western English Fleet is dismissed
1336 October 26 Northen English Fleet is dismissed
1336 November French raid the Channel Islands
1336 December 25 Edward III spends christmas at Hatfield
1336 December 26 king Phillippe of France demands the extradition of Robert d' Artois from England

1337 The Painted Chamber, the Commons composed of knights and town burghers came to have a speaker in 1337, Sir Thomas Hungerford
1337 Emperor Lewis IV authorises Teutonic Grand Master to conqueor Eastern Europe
1337 King Phillip of France orders confiscation of Gascony
1337 Proclamation forbids playing any sport except archery, upon pain of death
1336 Sumptury law forbids wearing of furs to those worth less than £100
1337 January 10 Western and Northern Fleet commanded to assemble at Portsmouth by 15th March, later Robert Ufford and William Montacute are appointed admirals
1337 January 21 Charles V, the Wise, king of France (1364-80), born
1337 February Sir Andrew Murray captures Kinclaven castle north of Perth, and then with William Douglas captures Falkland Tower and Leuchars
1337 February 9 Edward the Black Prince named Duke of Cornwall, the first time this title had been used in England. Henry Duke of Lancaster became Earl of Derby, Robert Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, William Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, William Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon
1337 February 28 St Andrews surrenders to Andrew Murray and Willaim Douglas
1337 March Bothwell castle surrenders to Sir Andrew Murray
1337 March 3-16 Parliament meets at Westminster, Edward III proposes an army to go to Gascony and another to Scotland, parliament agrees and votes to finance it. William Montacute is made Earl of Salisbury appointed to command the expedition to Guyenne/Gascony. Henry of Lancaster is made Earl of Derby, William Bohun is made Earl of Northhampton.William Clinton and Robert Ufford are also made Earls, and twenty other men are knighted by the King in person
1337 March 18 Edward III announces an army is to be assembled to go to Gascony and Guyenne
1337 April Sark is raided by French and Scottish ships
1337 April 15 Edward III decides on an embassy to travel to Valenciennes made up of the bishop of Lincoln Henry Burghesh, and the earls William Montacute and William Clinton
1337 April 30 King Philippe VI of France announces a general levy of Feudal soldiers, the 'arrière-ban'
1337 May 4 In Valenciennes the conference of the Count of Hainaylt begins with The count and his brother, the counts of Guelders, Limburg, Cleves and Alost, and the Margrave of Juliers. The Duke of Brabant, the Count of Namur and the Bishop of Cologne send representatives
1337 May 24 King Phillip of France lays claim to English possessions in France and orders Seneschal of Perigord to seize Aquitaine, and the bailiff of Amiens to seize Ponthieu
1337 June In brussels the Duke of Brabant is persuaded to join in an alliance with England in return for large sums of money
1337 June 22 Edward III at Stamford orders an army to be ready to sail from London on the 28th July
1337 June, about midsummer's day, a comet is seen over SouthWest France and was viewed as a bad omen and that war was on the horizon. Gascony suffers from drought
1337 End of June English ambassadors conclude an alliance with Louis of Bavaria, the holy Roman Emperor in return for a large sum of money
1337 July French army musters and is put under the command of Constable of France, Raoul, Comte d'Eu
1337 July 10 French capture Villeneuve and then split to besiege strongholds
1337 July 17 Puymirol in the Agenais is captured by French, the town surrenders in exchange for the right to hold an annual fair on St. Foy's day
1337 July 26 English wool mercahnts meet with William Pole and Reginald Conduit and devise a plan to compulsory purchase all English wool on credit, with protection from the courts and sell it to the low countries at vastly inflated prices
1337 August Edward III relieves Stirling Castle with supplies which was under siege from Sir Andrew Moray
1337 November 9 Walter Maunty lands at Cadzand
1337 November 10 Henry Earl of Derby raids Isle of Cadzand and defeats Guy, Bastard of Flanders who led a group of Flemish mercenaries who were from the garrison at the nearby Sluys
1337 December 24 Edward III declares that he will not attack the French until 1st March 1338, unless the English are attacked first
1337 December 28 James Van Artevelde becomes the leader of the Flemmings who are rebelling against Count Louis

1338 Construction begins on Ford Castle in Northumberland by Sir William Heron
1338 The Scissor arches of Wells Cathedral were added to prevent the collapse of the central tower
1338 Sir William Douglas captures Hermitage Castle from Sir Ralph Neville
1338 January 3 Ghent citizens led by Jacob van Artevelde appoint an emergency government. Bruges and Ypres also do the same
1338 February 3 Parliament meets and agrees to forced loan on wool stocks for a French expedition to depart on 26 April 1338
1338 February 5 Geaune captured by Gaston, Comte de Foix, Aire-sur-l'Adour surrenders
1338 February 26 Orders sent for a raising of an army to go to the Low Countries to muster in Norwich on 12th May
1338 March 1 Orders are sent out for an army to be raised to go to Aquitaine and to muster in Portsmouth on 29 April
1338 March 5 Cazaubon captured by Gaston, Comte de Foix
1338 March 24 French privateer Nicolas Béhuchet attacks Portsmouth
1338 March 26 French privateer Nicolas Béhuchet attacks Jersey
1338 April a second comet was seen traveling across Europe
1338 May 31 Edward III is at the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds
1338 Jun 19 Aquitaine campaign cancelled as Edward III is short of money
1338 July 1 Bernard-Aiz d'Albret is appointed joint Seneschal of Aquitaine but he never takes up the position
1338 July 16 Edward III sets sail from Orwell
1338 July 22 Edward III lands at Antwerp
1338 July 23 An accidental fire burns Edward III's lodgings, who only just escapes
1338 August 15 Edward III at Mechelen meets with his German allies
1338 August 23 English food convoy on route to Gascony is attacked by French
1338 August 30 Edward III arrives in Niederwerth am Rhine, north of Coblenz
1338 September French with Genoese crossbowmen capture Guernsey
1338 September 5 Edward III enters Koblenz, Treaty of Koblenz, between England and the Holy Roman Empire, Ludwig recognised Edward's claim to the throne of France and Edward made the Vicar General to the Holy Roman Empire
1338 September 8 Robert Bertrand the Marshal of France using Galleys from Monaco raid the Channel Islands capturing Jedburgh Castle and Castle Cornet
1338 September 18 Edward III in Antwerp summons his German allies
1338 September 21 French with Genoese crossbowmen attack the English ships at Arnemuidem near Middleburg, Netherlands, used earlier to transfer Edward II to France. The Christopher is captured which is armed with 3 guns of iron, and the cog Edward was also captured, two of the finest English ships were laden with wool, their crews were executed. The first gun shots were fired in a naval battle.
1338 October 4 50 galleys of the French with Genoese attack Southampton, French used pot-defer, firing bolts with iron feathers. The arrival of the fleet of Doria Brass swings the battle in favour of the French. French also attack Dover, Folkestone, Harwich, Hastings, Portsmouth, Rye, and the Isle of Wight. The French sailed into Portsmouth harbour pretending to be English by raising English flags and sacked the town
1338 October 12 Edward III meets his German allies in Herk, Loon
1338 October 26 Edward III and his allies gather at Mechelen
1338 November 20 In Hainault Edward III orders an army assembled to draw the French away from their plan to attack Aquitaine

1339 Plymouth attacked and burnt, 500 invaders killed
1339 Jacob Van Artevelde leads revolt against Count of Flanders
1339 February Edward III unsuccessfully tries to arrange marriage of Prince Edward, to margaret, the daughter of the Duke of Brabant
1339 February Parliament meets
1339 March French lay siege to Puyguilhem using cannon
1339 March 12 Jersey attacked by French and the Genoese led by Charles Grimaldi, English hold out in Gorey Castle
1339 March 23 King Phillip of France makes plans to invade England with 4,000 Men at Arms, 20,000 Foot soldiers, 5,000 Crossbowmen
1339 March 24 Harwich attacked by French and Genoese
1339 April 6 Puyguilhem surrenders to the French
1339 April 10 Castelgalliard surrenders to the French
1339 April 17 Penne surrenders to the French
1339 April 20 Town of Blaye falls to the French
1339 May Genoese galleys under control of the French sack Hastings
1339 April 20 Genoese under control of the French attack Plymouth capturing repaired ships but the city withstands the attack
1339 May 3 Alliance with Brabant, Edward Duke of Cornwall promised in Marriage to Margaret daughter of John Duke of Lorraine
1339 June 21 Battle of Laupen Swiss Phalanx from Bern defeat local mounted knights
1339 July French fleet with Genoese galleys attacked Dover, Folkstone and Sandwich but they were driven back to France. Boulogne was attacked in revenge
1339 July Edward III sends a letter to the Pope setting out his claim to the French throne
1339 September Genoese government falls after rumours of deserting Genoese in employment of France
1339 September 20 Edward III Invades NE France, through Cambresis, 1339-1340 campaign costs £386,546. The start of the Hundred Years War
1339 Parliament adjourns
1339 September Genoese galleys under Charles Grimaldi move to Sluys to disrupt English vessels fishing for herring off Yarmouth
1339 October Genoese fleet scattered by storm
1339 October 22 English army meets French army at La Flamengerie but King Philippe refused battle and Edward lacked the forces to pursue him so a battle was avoided

1340 The Round Tower was rebuilt at Windsor Castle
1340 Queen's College Oxford founded by Robert de Eglesfield
1340 Universal Crop Failure, Thousands die of starvation
1340 Geoffrey Chaucer born (1340-1400)
1340 The Florentine bankers of Edward III take the Archbishop of Canterbury as collateral on loans
1340 Valdemar IV becomes king of Denmark
1340 January 25 Edward III while in Ghent claims throne of France and uses quartering of the French Fleur-de-lis with the Plantagenet lions
1340 January Edward III signs treaty with the Flemmish Jacob Van Artevelde "the brewer of ghent", recognizing Edward III as king of France and Suzerain of Flanders. Jacob entered into an alliance known as the 'driestedenbestand' or the 'alliance of three cities', with Ypres and Bruges
1340 February 20 Edward III leaves France for England
1340 March 29 Parliament reconvened and agreed to raise taxes so that Edward can fund an army to invade France
1340 June 22 Edward III leaves England for Bruges with a fleet of 250 ships
1340 June 24 French fleet defeated at Sluys
1340 July Siege of Tournai, Edward besieged the important French town of Tournai, but could not take it. Philippe arrived nearby with an army a truce was agreed. The truce with mediated by Philippe's sister who was also Edward's mother-in-law. The truce lasted until June of 1341
1340 July 28 Battle of St Omer, Robert or Artois besieged St Omer but was beaten by the French
1340 July Parliament summoned
1340 September 25 Philip and Edward agree to a truce at Esplechin, the 'Truce of Esplechin', to last for five years
1340 October 25 Geoffrey Chaucer born
1340 October 30 Battle of the Salado River (Río Salado), Portugal and Castile join forces and produce a major victory against sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of the Marinid dynasty of Morocco
1340 November 10 Edward traveled back to England and came ashore at the Tower of London. He found the castle unguarded and put the constable Nicholas de la Beche under arrest. Edward sacked many of his advisors including the Chancellor, John Stratford, the Archbishop of Canterbury
1340 November 30 John, Duke de Berry, captain of Paris and art collector, born

1341 Edmund of Langley, son of Edward III born
1341 February 2 Tournament at Langley
1341 March 15 Philip and Emperor Louis sign an alliance at Vincennes
1341 April Parliament assembled to raise funds for further French expeditions. Parliament insisted that Edward reconfirmed various ancient charters and officers of state should take their oaths before Parliament, Edward III disputes with John Stratford were settled
1341 April 30 Death of John III of Brittany, starting the Brittany civil war
1341 June 4 King David II returns to Scotland from France, Edward Balliol forced to leave Scotland
1341 June 15 Andronicus III Palaeologus head of the Byzantine empire dies
1341 July Edward III travels North to deal with Scottish threat
1341 August French and Genoese fleet of 3 galleys and 29 other vessels clash with 26 English ships off coast of Guernsey
1341 Christmas, Tournament at Reading

1342 Siege of Hennebont by French, relieved by Sir Walter Manny
1342 January Edward signs truce with King David II of Scotland
1342 February 11 Tournament at Dunstable, 230 Knights, King fought as a simple Knight
1342 April 14 Tournament at Northampton, John De Beaumont killed
1342 April 24 Pope Benedict XII dies
1342 May 7 Clement VI elected Pope, 1342-52
1342 May 9 Tournament at Eltham
1342 July Doria Brass and Charles Grimaldi Genoese fighting for the French clash with the English
1342 July 16 Charles I king of Hungry dies
1342 August William de Bohun, and Robert of Artois, capture Vannes
1342 September 30 English defeat French at Battle of Morlaix, English are Vastly outnumbered but fight dismounted in a good defensive position, also known as The Battle of Lanmeur
1342 October Doria Brass and Charles Grimaldi Genoese fighting for the French surprise english fleet at anchor in Vannes and sink 7 ships carrying soldiers
1342 October Prince Edward appointed Guardian of England, Edward III sails to Brittany
1342 October 19 Edward III lands at Brest
1342 October 23 Edward III militarily supports John De Montforts claim to Brittany
1342 November Edward III attempts siege of Rennes, Nantes, and retakes Vannes
1342 December Edward lays siege to Vannes in an attempt to control Brittany. The city was not taken


1343 Genoese galleys under Charles Grimaldi surprised by English who burn 11 ships at Penfeld
1343 Tournament at Canterbury
1343 Tournament at Hereford
1343 Peruzzi bank becomes bankrupt due to loans to Edward III
1343 Papal Bull by Pope Clement VI, shortening Jubilee interval from 100 to 50 years and setting the costs for pardon's of sins
1343 January 19 Treaty of Malestroit, Edward and Philip agree to a truce
1343 March Edward returns to England
1343 April 28 Prince Edward, son of Edward III, given title of Prince of Wales
1343 May 12 Edward gives Prince Edward title of Prince of Wales before Parliament
1343 May 12 English fleet of 260 ships relieve siege of Brest where the Countess of Montfort was besieged. The castle Goy-le-Forêt was abandoned to the English
1343 Midsummer Tournament at Smithfield
1343 Summer Tournament, France, Olivier III de Clisson is tricked into attending and arrested on charge of treason
1343 August 2 Olivier III de Clisson executed at Paris by Charles VI, his head is displayed at Nantes
1343 September 29 Charles of Blois arrives to relieve siege Mons Relix (Morlaix) with 3,000 men-at-arms, 1500 Genoese and many common people, but is defeated by the Earl of Northamton with the loss of Lord Edward Despencer
1343 November 6 Breton lords and 10 squires executed by Charles VI

1344 Bardi bank fails which brings down Acciaiuoli bank
1344 Introduction of gold coins the florin [2 shillings], half-florin [1 shilling], quarter-florin [six-pence], and for the first time:, the noble [80 pence], half-noble [40 pence] and the quarter-noble [20 pence]
1344 or 1345 Tournament at Winchester
1344 Building work on Chillingham Castle is started by Sir Thomas De Heton
1344 Charles of Blois captures Quimper and Guerande with French army, 2000 civilians are slaughtered
1344 Royal Decree is made that all lepers should leave London for the country
1344 Statute on the Appointment of Guardians of the Peace, later known as Justices of the Peace
1344 January 19 'The Round table Tournament' at Windsor, King and 19 Knights fight all comers for 3 days. King announces founding of round table to number 300 Knights, with blue robes, St George as their Patron and later adopted the garter as their emblem, William Montagu dies of wounds taken in the joust
1344 March Edward employs Carpenters and Masons, probably for repair of the Norman round tower at Windsor
1344 April 23 Feast of St George with 2 sets of 12 knights with Edward III and prince Edward at the head of each. The round table at Winchester had been built for this numberr
1344 May 13 Knights of the Order of St John together with Hugh IV of Cyprus and a Venetian fleet destroy Turkish Fleet
1344 August 10 Siege of Auberoche
1344 October 28 Smyrna (Izmir) is captured from the Turks by the Knights of the Order of St John together with Hugh IV of Cyprus and a Venetian fleet

1345 Bankruptcy of the banking houses of Bardi and Peruzzi in Italy, after King Edward III defaulted on a loan of 400 million ducats
1345 Henry of Lancaster captures Castle of Auberoche
1345 Grocers Company established as the Guild of Pepperers
1345 June 17 English defeat the Franco-Bretons at Cadoret, near Josselin
1345 July 17 Mob in Ghent forces Jacob Van Artevelde to flee, on rumors of Prince Edward being made Count of Flanders, but is killed by Gerard Denijs, master of the weavers, Jacob's son Philip Van Artevelde carries on the fight against the Count of Flanders, Lodewijk van Male
1345 October 21 Battle of Auberoche, English relieve siege by French who were besieging Auberoche castle, recently captured by the English
1345 December English led by Thomas Dagworth invade Penthièvre and capture La Roche-Derrien
1345 December English Capture Aiguillon, Gascony

1346 Edward III grants William de Clinton a license to Crenellate and permission to build Maxstoke Castle
1346 January 1 Edward III orders ships to assemble at Portsmouth
1346 February 1 Edward III postpones sailing to France until June
1346 April French besiege Aiguillon
1346 May Edward III calls for army to assemble at Portsmouth
1346 June 9 Battle of Saint Pol de Leon, Sir Thomas Dagworth led English to victory by the longbow
1346 July 5 English army sails for France
1346 July 12 Edward III lands at Normandy with his army, falling on his face and exclaiming "This is a good token for the land desireth to have me"
1346 July 20 Edward III captures Carentan
1346 July 26 English capture Caen, the city was sacked for resisting the English
1346 August 16 Edward III rebuilds and crosses bridge over Seine at Poissy
1346 August 24 Gobin Agace shows English army the ford at Blanche -Taque across the Somme
1346 August 26 English defeat French at the Battle of Crecy, English bombards used for first time in major engagement. Prince of Wales takes Ostrich feathers as his symbol, one feather in honour of King John of Bohemia
1346 September 32 Genoese galleys under Charles Grimaldi patrol English Channel to intercept convoys of troops laying siege to Calais
1346 September 4 Edward starts siege of Calais Siege which lasts until 4 August 1347
1346 September 25 Genoese galleys under Charles Grimaldi attempt fail to break the blockade of Calais and relieve defenders
1346 October 4 Henry of Lancaster captures Poitiers
1346 October 17 Battle of Nevilles cross, English defeat Scots. France requested Scots to invade England. King David II captured

1347 John Trevor, Bishop of Saint Asaph builds a bridge across the Dee at Llangollen
1347 Famine in Florence
1347 Battle of Roxborough English defeat Scots
1347 January - May Tournaments at Bury, Reading, Windsor, Lichfield, Eltham, Canterbury
1347 January 27 English force led by Sir Thomas Dagworth defeats French at La Roche-Derrien, Charles de Blois Captured
1347 April Tournament at Lincoln
1347 June 25 A French fleet is defeated at Le Crotoy, on the Somme River
1347 August 4 English capture Calais. Edward starts to develop it as a strategic port
1347 August 20 French give up siege of Aiguillon
1347 September 28 Truce between Philip and Edward III
1347 October 11 Louis IV of Bavaria, the Holy Roman Emperor dies while on a boar hunt near Munich
1347 December 31 Pembroke College, Cambridge founded by Marie de St Pol, widow of the Earl of Pembroke

1348 Water gate built at Tower of London, Edward III had a water gate constructed at the base of the Cradle Tower. This allowed access to royal apartments directly from the river
1348 William De Clinton starts building work on Maxstoke Castle in the Midlands
1348 Tournament at Bury St Edmunds
1348 Tournament at Eltham
1348 Tournament at Canterbury
1348 King Magnus of Sweden invades Russia
1348 Prussians beat the Lithuanians at Strawe
1348 Joanna [Joan] sister of Edward III dies
1348 Pope Clement VI issued a Papal Bull prohibiting the killing, looting or forcible conversion of Jews without trial. They had been persecuted due to the black death
1348 January Black Death appears in Marseille
1348 January 28 Gonville Hall, Cambridge University founded after Edmund Gonville
1348 April 7 Emperor Charles VI founded University of Prague
1348 April 23 First Garter Feast, college of Knights becomes the Order of the Garter or Garter Knights
1348 June Gascon sailor lands at Melcombe Regis, Dorset brings plague to England, killing one third to half of England's population
1348 Midsummer to December heavy rains fall harvest is poor, food is short
1348 June 24 Tournament Joust at Windsor
1348 September Edward Accepts truce with France
1348 September Pope Clement VI issues another Papal Bull to protect the Jews
1348 November Plague arrives in London

1349 Village of Ambion wiped out by the black death
1349 William of Ockham dies (1290-1349)
1349 Eldest son of the king of France referred to as the dauphine, as an honor to the Dauphine province after its cession to France
1349 Worcester, citizens break gates of Priory of St Mary and attack the monks
1349 Yeovil, Bishop of Bath and Wells and congregation besieged in St John's Church by citizens until rescue arrived the following day
1349 Worshipful Company of Glovers created after splitting from the Cordwainers
1349 January 9 Basle several hundred Jews burnt alive in a specially built house on the Rhine
1349 February Strasbourg 2000 Jews were offered conversion to christianity or were burnt at the stake
1349 March Worms 400 Jews burned themselves to death rather than be killed by the mob
1349 April 6 Earthquake recorded in the Chronicles of Meaux Abbey 'during Lent, six days before Easter Sunday, there occurred an earthquake throughout the whole of England so great that the monks of Melsa were thrown so violently from their stalls that they all lay prostrate on the ground
1349 June Frankfurt-am-Mains a large community of Jews burned themselves to death rather than be killed by the mob
1349 June 18 Ordinance of Labourers, an attempt to keep pay the same as pre plague levels
1349 Summer Plague at its peak
1349 August 24 Mainz, Jews defend themselves, and the mob turn on them for killing christians, 6000 Jews burn themselves to death
1349 Autumn Scottish army assembled to attack England to take advantage of the situation caused by plague but turns back carrying the plague into Scotland
1349 October 20 Pope Clement VI issues a Papal Bull against the Flagellants. University of Paris denies the flagellants claim of divine inspiration. King Philip VI forbade flagellation on pain of death.
1349 December 31 French plot to take Calais by treachery thwarted
1349 December Entire Jewish population is killed in Antwerp and Brussels

1350 Jubilee Year, originally established by Pope Boniface in 1300, changed by Papal Bull in 1343 to raise extra funds
1350 Trinity Hall, Cambridge founded by William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich to increase the number of clergy after the black death
1350 Francesco Traini paints fresco's at the Camposanto in Pisa. Andrea Orcagna paints fresco's in the Church of Santa Croce in Florence
1350 King Magnus of Sweden second crusade
1350 April 23 Feast at Windsor and sets up hostel for impoverished knights
1350 August 22 Philippe VI, of Valois, King of France (1328-50), died
1350 August 22 John II, also known as John the Good, succeeded Philip VI as king of France.
1350 Langley Castle built
1350 August 29 Battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer (Spanish on the Sea), or Battle of Winchelsea, English sea victory in Rye Bay, English Channel, against Spanish
1350 August Siege of Fougeress, French attack is beaten off by Sir William Bentley
1350 November 18 King Jean of France executes the Constable of France Robert of Brienne Comte d'Eu, 16th Comte de Guînes

1351 Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster made Duke of Lancaster
1351 Edward III bans the carrying of swords in the street
1351 English win small battle near Saintes
1351 February The Statute of Provisors forbids Englishmen from accepting papal benefices, thereby confirming royal power over ecclesiastical appointments
1351 February Statute of Labourers fixed wages at pre-plague levels and stopped labourers from moving, but generally ignored, it also required each town to maintain a set of stocks
1351 March 27 Battle of the 30, between Josselin and Ploermel castles, Brittany, 30 combatants from each side the French are led by Jean de Beaumanois who defeats Richard Bembro who is killed with 8 others
1351 April 8 Battle of Taillebourg English defeat French, Guy de Nesle, Marshal of France tries to use English tactics with dismounted knights but fails and is captured
1351 April The Royal Ordinance, France, raises rates of pay, and removed the baronial right to withdraw from battle at will
1351 November 6 King Jean of France invites Nobles of his real to join the Order of the Star

1352 Corpus Christi College, Cambridge founded by two guilds of Cambridge
1352 Edward III sends King David II of Scotland back to Scotland on parole to raise his own ransom. Terms were rejected and David returns to England
1352 English capture fortress of Nantes
1352 Infringements of the statute of Labourers causes an order for stocks to be set up in all towns as punishment
1352 January 5-6 First and Only meeting of the Order of the Star
1352 January English capture fortress of Guines near Calais, the French captain Sire of Bavelinghem was being initiated into the Order of the Star
1352 January 5-6 First and Only meeting of the Order of the Star
1352 March The Statute of Treason defines the nature of high treason, limiting it to seven offences
1352 August 14 English led by Sir William Bentley win Battle of Mauron against French. Newly formed French Order of the Star wiped out
1352 December 6 Pope Clement VI died
1352 December 8 Innocent VI elected Pope, 1352-62

1353 Ordered that all London Sheriffs Courts should be conducted in English
1353 Murad I captures Gallipoli
1353 March end of a great frost since December 1352 and a Violent Hurricane in England
1353 March - July Drought in England
1353 September Statute of Praemunire forbade appeals to Rome in patronage disputes
1353 September Ordinance of Staples giving more control over revenue collection of produce
1353 December 31 Tournament at Eltham, the Prince of Wales provided breast and black plates covered in black velvet to Sir John Chandos and Sir James Audley, while the prince wore plates covered in red velvet.

1354 The Wool trade exported from England at this time was worth £193,978
1354 Statute of Staples. A law that fixed 15 towns as staple towns. A staple town was a town that was restricted in what it could sell to foreign merchants. The towns were Bristol, Canterbury, CarMarchthen, Chichester, Cork, Drogheda, Dublin, Exeter, Lincoln, London, Newcastle, Norwich, Waterford, Winchester and York
1354 January 8 Charles of Navarre murders Charles d'Espagne, Constable of France
1354 February 10 Riot in Oxford called The Great Slaughter
1354 April Sir Hugh Calveley captured in attempted raid on Montmuran

1355 Nisbet on Teviot, Roxborough, Scots defeat English
1355 January 7 Thomas of Woodstock, 13th child of Edward III born
1355 March Tournament at Woodstock to celebrate the baptism of Thomas Plantagenet
1355 May King Jean of France issues arriére-ban or general summons to all men aged 18-60
1355 October 5 Prince Edward sets out on his Chevauchée
1355 November 2 Edward III lands at Calais with English army and campaigns in Picardy for ten days. Prince Edward raids southern France, sacking Carcassone and Narbonne
1355 November 6 Thomas Stewart, Earls of Angus and March capture and ransack Berwick
1355 December 2France, King Jean summons the 3 Estates, they agree to pay for 30,000 Men-at-arms

1356 Ceasar's Tower, Warwick Castle is finished and later used to house prisoners from Poitiers
1356 France, high taxes triggered a revolt of 'the little against the great' in the textile city of Arras in northern Picardy
1368 Worshipful Company of Farriers formed
1356 January 1 Holy Roman Emperor publishes the 'Golden Bull', giving 7 electors the power to choose the ruler of Germany
1356 January 6 Edward Balliol cedes Scotland to Edward III, Edwards campaign was known as the 'burnt Candlemas'
1356 January 20 Edward Balliol resigns as king of Scotland
1356 April France, King Jean arrests Charles of Navarre, he is imprisoned in the Châtelet, Paris, King Jean executes the following day Jean d'Harcourt and Colin Doubel for drawing a dagger before the king commiting 'lése majesté'
1356 June 8 Henry of Lancaster lands in Normandy
1356 September 19 Battle of Poitiers, Edward Prince of Wales defeats French and captures French King. The Oriflame bearer Geoffrey de Charny was killed and the flag disappeared (later present at other battles such as Agincourt)
1356 October 3 Henry of Lancaster lays siege to Rennes
1356 October 17 France, Etienne Marcel appointed spokesman of the 3rd Estate
1356 October 18 Basel, Switzerland, Earthquake estimated at Magnitude 6.0-6.5 devastates the Upper Rhine valley

1357 King David II returns to Scotland to organise collection of ransom
1357 French Royal Ordnance permits peasants to take arms and gathr together against brigands
1357 January or February Siege of Dinan, Earl of Lancaster besieges Dinan
1357 May 30 Alfonso IV (the brave) of Portugal dies
1357 Early Autumn Tournament at Smithfield
1357 October 3 Treaty of Berwick signed between Edward III and David II of Scotland, allowed David to go free from prison to collect the ransom of 100,000 Marks, he had been kept for the previous 11 years in prison
1357 Christmas and New Year, Tournament in torchlight at night in the new palace of the Duke of Lancaster, the Savoy

1358 Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers is formed
1358 start of January, Tournament at Bristol
1358 February 22 Paris, Etienne Marcel enters the palace of the dauphin and kills the marshals of Champagne and Normandy before the dauphin
1358 March 27 Charles ecapes from Paris
1358 May 21 Jacquerie rebellion starts at the village of St Leu near Sentils on the Oise. A series of rebellions in France after the peasant revolutionary popularly known as Jacques Bonhomme, or "simple Jack," or after the Jacque warn by peasant soldiers
1358 April 23 Tournament at Windsor after Garter feast. Safe Conduct is granted for foreign and captive knights to attend
1358 June 13 Clermont-en-Beauvaisis Guilliame Cale or Calle, or Karlle the Jaquerie leader is taken prisoner by Charles of Navarre during the parley and executed by crowning him with a circlet of red hot iron. Jacque army massacred with 3,000 killed including 300 burnt alive who hid in a monastery
1358 June 24 up to 20,000 Jacques had been killed since the start of the rebellion
1358 July Charles of Navarre attempts to take control of Paris
1358 July 22 Charles of Navarre invites English men-at-arms into Paris, but are attacked by the Parisians and locked in the Louvre for protection
1358 July 31 Etienne Marcel tries to have the keys to the gates of Paris handed to the men of Charles of Navarre, but is killed
1358 August 2 Charles returns to Paris
1358 August 23 Death of Queen Isabella, wife of Edward II and mother of Edward III

1359 Owen Glyndwr born
1359 French sack Winchelsea, and massacre many at St Giles Church
1359 March 1, King Jean is moved from lincoln to castle nearer London on rumors of a French attack on England, and later to the Tower of London
1359 March King Jean of France yields nearly all Western France and a promised ransom of 4,000,000 gold ecus to the English, guaranteed by 40 royal and noble hostages
1359 March 15 French attack Winchelsea and then Rye, with 1200 men-at-arms and 800 cross bowmen, departing after 48 hours in England
1359 March 24 Treaty of London, King John cedes all the old Angevin lands to England
1359 May 19 John Hastings 4th Lord Hastings 12th Earl of Pembroke Marries Margaret, Edward III's daughter
1359 May 19 France, Estates General summoned by Dauphin who reject the English peace treaty and order war to be made on England
1359 May 27-29 Tournament at Windsor to celebrate the marriage of John of Gaunt, King and his four sons and 19 other lords fight in disguise as deputies for the 24 alderman on whose behalf the challenges were issued
1359 June Siege of Melun by the French
1359 December France, Dauphin discovers a plot to stage a coup by Charles of Navarre
1359 December 4 English besiege Rheims

1360 Edward III's mother Isabella dies and is buried in a Franciscan cemetery at Newgate
1360 Work began on the West Front of Winchester Cathedral. Extra work was carried out on the North and South aisles
1360 Geoffrey Chaucer a soldier with Edward III army is captured by the French in the Ardennes
1360 Imprisonment replaces fines for labour penalties, fugitive labourers were branded with an F on their forehead
1360 Revision of the Statute for provision of Justices of the Peace, previously known as Guardians of the Peace
1360 Free companies capture Pont Saint-Esprit and were paid off after threatening the Papal seat of Avignon
1360 Janury 11 Edward abandons siege of Rheims and raids Burgundy
1360 March battle of 50 against 5 near Auxerre, and English victory
1360 March 1 Geoffrey Chaucer ransomed from France
1360 March Duke of Burgundy paid English 200,000 moutons d' or to leave Burgundy
1360 March 15 3,000 French attack Winchelsea, later in March King Jean of France moved to Berkhamsted castle
1360 April 7 Edward besieges Paris
1360 April 11 Talks begin on Treaty of Brétigny Edward was to give up claims to the French throne and Anjou, Maine, Normandy, Touraine in return for Agenais, Angoumois, Aquitaine, Bigorre, Calais, Gascony, Gaure, Guienne, Guines, Limousin, Montreuil, Quercy, Périgord, Poitou, Ponthieu, Rouergue, Saintonge, Tarbes, all without homage. King John II ransom was fixed at 3 million gold crowns, Geoffrey Chaucer was returned to England
1360 April 12 Edward withdraws from the siege of Paris
1360 April 13 Black Monday, English army camped on approach to Chartres is hit by hailstorm killing men and horses, scores die of the cold
1360 May 10 Treaty of Brétigny signed by the dauphin
1360 June 14 Treaty of Brétigny signed by Edward III
1360 September Queen of France Jeans second wife, dies of the plague, ahead of the second epidemic
1360 October 24 Treaty of Calais, ratification of the Treaty of Brétigny, first payment of 400,000 écu's paid on Jeans ransom
1360 October 28 King Jean of France leave Calais to return to France
1360 October 30 40 hostages travel to England against the release of King Jean of France

1361 Margaret daughter of Edward III dies
1361 Worst outbreak of the Black Death, killing by now half of England's population
1361 John of Gaunt Married Blanche, the daughter of Henry, Duke of Lancaster
1361 Corn law enacted prohibiting the export of corn, to keep grain prices in England low
1361 Worshipful Company of Drapers founded
1361 February The office of Justice of the Peace was created
1361 October 10 Edward Prince of Wales Marries Joan Countess of Kent
1361 November 21 Philip de Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy dies without heirs and the Duchy becomes a Royal possession

1362 Treaty with King Peter I Castille
1362 William Langland produces his poem 'The Vision of Piers Plowman'
1362 Henry Duke of Lancaster dies and his son in law, John the kings son, becomes Duke of Lancaster and takes over Kenilworth Castle, and rebuilt the hall and constructed new grand apartments
1362 Prussian knights and crusaders capture Kaunas
1362 March Tournament at Smithfield
1362 April Tournament at Smithfield
1362 April 6 An army of routiers defeat the French at Brignais, Burgundy led by Jacques de Bourbon Count de la Marche and the Count of Tancarville
1362 March daughter of Edward III dies
1362 Tournament at Cheapside, defendants appear as the seven deadly sins
1362 September 12 Pope Innocent dies
1362 November Statute of Pleading makes English the language of all law courts
1362 November 5 Blessed Urban V consecrated Pope, 1362-70
1362 December 5 Battle of Launac, Comte de Foix defeats Jean d'Armagnac

1363 The Courts of Quarter Sessions were introduced. They were established to deal with low grade offences under the stewardship of Justices of the Peace [J.P.] These courts were in existence until 1971
1363 Chancellor opens Parliament in English for the first time
1363 Canterbury Chantry Chapel in crypt built by John Box at the request of Edward of Woodstock, Edward requested to be buried there when he died
1363 Sumptury Statute, an attempt to classify English society into seven divisions, each entitled to a particular style of costume
1363 Worshipful Company of Bowyers and Fletchers receives a Royal Charter
1363 Worshipful Company of Saddlers receives a Royal Charter
1363 Magnus II of Sweden dies
1363 Albert becomes king of Sweden
1363 Proclamation forbids men playing quoits, handball, football, hockey, coursing and cockfighting on pain of imprisonment
1363 April King Jean of France vows to undertake a crusade
1363 July 19 Edward Prince of Wales becomes Lord of Aquitaine
1363 July 24 Truce of Evran between Charles de Blois and Jean de Montfort, contenters for the Duke of Brittany
1363 September 6 King Jean grants the Duchy of Burgundy to his son, Philip the Bold
1363 November 24 Sir Willam Felton challenges Bertrand du Guesclin to a duel, and Olivier de Mauny issues a challenge taken up by Thomas Felton. The duels never took place

1364 Cold Long Winter across Europe, Seine freezes Christmas to March, the Rhine from January to March and carts were driven on the Rhône
1364 Worshipful Company of Vintners receives a Royal Charter
1364 Worshipful Company of Drapers receives a Royal Charter
1364 Urban V issus Papal Bull urging continued war on Lithuania
1364 January King John voluntarily returns to captivity in London when one of the hostages for him escapes
1364 February Pope Urban excommunicates the free companies with the Papal Bull 'Miserabilis Nonullorum' , he suggests that they aid the king of Hungry, Emperor Charles VI, to fight the Turks, but is ignored
1364 March 4 The Scottish Parliament meets at Scone and refuses to approve King David III's 1363 deal with King Edward III
1364 April 8 Bertrand du Guesclin and Marshal Boucicaut capture Mantes by trickery, pretending to be grape harvesters
1364 April 9 King John II 'the good' of France dies at the Savoy Palace, London, and is succeeded by his son Charles V
1364 April Bertrand du Guesclin and Marshal Boucicaut capture Rolleboise
1364 May 12 Pope Urban founds by Papal Bull the University of Cracow
1364 May 16 Battle of Cocherel, Normandy, French led by Du Guesclin defeat the Anglo-Gascon force led by Jean de Grailly
1364 May 19 Coronation of Charles V of France 'the wise'
1364 May 20 Henry Percy, also known as Harry Hotspur born (1364-1403)
1364 Autumn Poor harvest in France leads to famine
1364 September 29 Battle of Auray, Brittany, English led by John Chandos defeat French contender for Brittany, Charles de Blois
1364 December 7 - 1365 March 19 Great Frost in England

1365 Henry the Bastard overthrows King Peter I of Castile
1365 Wells Cathedral South-west Tower built, William Wynford was the architect
1365 College of Saint Mary founded at Saint David's
1365 Pope Urban founds by Papal Bull the University of Vienna
1365 Murad I moves his capital to Adrianople (Edirne)
1365 Amadaues of Savoy captures Gallipoli from the Ottoman Turks
1365 March 6 Charles V makes peace with Charles of Navarre
1365 April 12 Treaty of Guerande Charles V recognizes John of Montfort as Duke of Brittany
1365 May Emperor Charles VI asks for free companies help against the Turks guaranteeing their travel expenses and 3 years revenues from his kingdom of Bohemia
1365 June 4 Coronation of Charles IV as king of Burgundy
1365 June 9 Pope Urban V excommunicates Don Pedro, King of Castile
1365 June 12 Edward III bans football in London and orders archery practice
1365 August 22 Charles V sends Bertrand du Guesclin to Spain to server Enrique de Trastamara
1365 October 9 Pierre de Lusignan of Cyprus captures Alexandra but is unable to hold it after his followers leave with their booty

1366 The Statute of Kilkenny enforces English Law in Ireland and forbids Englishmen to speak Gaelic
1366 Pope Urban excommunicates free companies and condottieri forbidding their employment
1366 February/March Hugh Calveley captures Borja in Aragorn
1366 March 16 Don Enrique if Trastamara proclaimed king of Castille at Calahorra
1366 March 26 Briviesca captured by Enrique Trastamara from Pedro I, the Cruel, Enrique kills 200 Jews
1366 March 31 Burgos captured by Enrique Trastamara from Pedro I, the Cruel
1366 April 5 Don Enrique Trastamara crowned king of Castille at the convent of Las Huelgasl
1366 May Parliament refuses to pay feudal dues to the Pope
1366 September 23 Treaty of Linbourne between Prince of Wales and Pedro the Cruel to recover the throne of Castille from his brother Enrique de Trastamere in return for 500,000 florins and Biscay
1366 October Wykeham becomes Bishop of Winchester, although not approved of by the Pope (Urban V), Wykeham was consecrated in October 1367
1366 October 23 Meteor shower seen over Europe

1367 Pedro the Cruel steals a huge ruby from Santa Marchia la Real Monastery in Najera, Spain, in order to pay the Black Prince for beating back French invaders. The ruby is now in the State Crown of England
1367 Priests were censured for wearing short tight doublets and fashionable clothing
1367 January Enrique Trastamara and Charles of Navarre meet at Santa Cruz, Charles promises to not let Prince Edward;s army through his territory or the pass of Roncevaux
1367 January 6 The future King Richard II is born in Bordeaux (1367-1399), King 1377-1399, the son of Edward the Black Prince and Joan of Kent
1367 April William of Wykeham becomes Chancellor of England
1367 April 3 Battle of Najera, English led by Prince Edward defeat French-Spanish force led by Du Guesclin
1367 April 3 Henry Bolingbroke, the future King Henry IV, is born (1367-1413), king 1399-1413, the son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, at Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire
1367 April 30 Pope Boniface leaves Avignon to move the Papacy back to Rome
1367 May 2 Pedro the Cruel signs an agreement with Prince Edward promising payment of his debts
1367 October William of Wykeham became Bishop of Winchester
1367 October 16 Pope Boniface arrives in Rome

1368 Lionel of Antwerp son of Edward III, Duke of Clarence & Earl of Ulster dies. He Married 1). Elizabeth de Burgh who died 1363. 2). Violantie Visconte died 1404
1368 Another outbreak of the Plague
1368 Worshipful Company of Barbers is permitted to form a guild
1368 Worshipful Company of Poulters receives the right to regulate the sale of poultry, swans, pigeons, rabbits and small game
1368 June 30 A treaty was signed between Charles V, the count of Armagnac and the lord d' Albert to fight against England
1368 September 1 Pope excommunicates mercenaries in the Papal lands, including Bertrand Du Guesclin

1369 Peter de Montfort died, Beaudesert Castle passed to Thomas, Earl of Warwick
1369 January A rebellion against Edward begins in Gascony
1369 February 5 consuls of Cahors swear alleigance to the French king
1369 March 14 Battle of Montiel Enrique Trastamara defeats the army of Pedro the Cruel
1369 March 23 Enrique Trastamara kills his half brother Pedro the Cruel with a dagger
1369 April Charles V conquers Ponthieu
1369 May King Charles V, King of France, demands Prince Edward to pay homage, the Treaty of Brétigny void and declares war on England
1369 May John Chandos and Robert Knolles fail to capture Cahors
1369 June 3 Edward III reassumes the title of "King of France"
1369 August French plan to invade wales but a violent storm in the channel forces the fleet to return to port
1369 August 15 Queen Philippa dies from the plague. From this time Edward takes a mistress, Alice Perrers
1369 September John of Gaunt raids France from Calais to Harfluer

1370 Exeter Cathedral completed
1370 Fletchers an bowstringmakers separated from bowyers
1370 Battle of Carham on Tweed Sir John de Lilburn was captured by Sir John Gordon for the Scots
1370 February 22 King David II of Scotland dies and is succeeded by his nephew, Robert Stewart, the hereditary High Steward of Scotland and grandson of Robert Bruce, who is crowned King Robert II. He hands power to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick
1370 July Robert Knollys raids through northern France
1370 August 11 French take Limoges
1370 September 19 Prince Edward re-captures Limoges and massacres some of its inhabitants for resisting
1370 September 24 Pope Urban V takes the Papacy back to Avignon
1370 October 2 Bertrand du Guesclin appointed Constable of France
1370 November 5 Casimir III 'the Great' of Poland dies in a hunting accident
1370 November 17 Coronation of Louis I 'the Great' king of Poland
1370 December 4 Bertrand du Guesclin and Olivier III de Clisson defeat a contingent of Robert Knolles forces, led by Thomas de Grandson at Pontvallain, near Le Mans
1370 December 19 Pope Urban V dies
1370 December Gregory XI elected Pope, 1370-78

1371 William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester and chancellor, asked for supplies for war. Parliament petitioned the king to stop the practice of ecclesiastics having positions of power and not being liable to account for their actions, and that non-clerical laymen should replaced them. An important supporter of this action was John of Gaunt
1371 Bressuire captured by Bertrand du Guesclin who orders no prisoners to be taken
1371 Worshipful Company of Bowyers recognised having seperated from the from the Bowyers and Fletchers Guild in 1370
1371 February 3 Massacre in city of Cesena, Italy by Sir John Hawkwood
1371 June 24 Tournament at Bordeaux where John of Gaunt unhorses the Sieur de Pussances who was governor of Aquitaine
1371 July 19 Treaty between Edward III and Yann IV of Brittany against Charles V of France
1371 September 26 Battle Of Maritsa (Battle of Chernomen) Ottomans defeat Serbs
1371 October 14 Figeac is sacked after a surprise attack by the routiers Bertucat d'Abret and Bernard de la Salle

1372 Edmund of Langley, son of Edward III Married Isabella /Isabel of Castile
1372 Canterbury Crypt Lady Chapel building work by John Box
1372 Edward Prince of Wales has recovered much of his health but it is decided that if he and Edward III were to die they would be succeeded by Richard the eldest surviving son of the prince
1372 May 10 Owain ap Thomas ap Rhodri proclaims to be the Prince of Wales, he is supported by Charles VI
1372 June Guernsey is captured by the self styled 'Prince of Wales' Owen-ap-Thomas Yvain de Galles, Owen of Wales
1372 June 22-23 Sea Battle of La Rochelle, French ships defeat English with loss of £20,000 soldiers pay
1372 July Alliance secretly signed between Jean IV and Edward III
1372 July 31 Saint-Sévère captured by French Assault and Bertrand Du Guesclin hangs its French garrison
1372 August 7 Coup by Pro French party opens gates of Poitiers to Bertrand du Guesclin and Jean de Berry
1372 August 23 Battle of Soubise, Jean de Grailly captured and French king refuses his ransom
1372 August 24 Soubise surrenders to the French
1372 September 1 town of Saint-Maxient surrenders to the French, followed by Angoulême, Saintes and Saint-Jean d'Angély
1372 September 8 La Rochelle surrenders to French without a fight
1372 October Lord Neville arrived at Brest with 400 Men at Arms and 400 Archers
1372 October Fontenay-le-comte is captured by the French
1372 November lawyers and Sheriffs excluded from parliament
1372 December 1 Thouars surrenders after a siege, the Duchy of Guyenne is now French

1373 Catastrophic floods in the north of France and famine in the south
1373 French Raid on Jersey
1373 French lay siege to Brest
1373 Nunney Castle, Somerset, construction started by Sir John de la Marche
1373 The castles of Tuzaguet, Mauvezin and Lourdes fall.
1373 Spring Owain of Wales leads 6,000 men to invade Wales, waiting for favorable winds and then are diverted by the English campaign
1373 Worshipful Company of Scrivners is formed
1373 March Earl of Salisbury lands at Saint-Malo with more than 800 soldiers
1373 March 21 Bertrand du Guesclin captured Chizé
1373 April Battle of Montichiari, Enguerrand de Coucy and Sir John Hawkwood defeat the Visconti
1373 April 28 John IV of Brittany flees to England following a revolt
1373 May 3 John IV of Brittany arrives at the court of Edward III
1373 May 20 Bertrand du Guesclin captured Rennes
1373 June 16 London, Treaty of Alliance between England and Portugal
1373 July John of Gaunt invades Northern France intending to head for Bordeaux, the campaign achieves little
1373 mid July raid on Channel Islands
1373 August 3 Figeac is bought back for 26,000 gold francs, by the count d'Armagnac from the routiers who captured it in 1371

1374 Another outbreak of the Plague (1374 - 1375)
1374 A dancing mania starts in the Rhineland and spreads to Holland and Flanders
1374 January John of Gaunt makes a peace treaty with France
1374 February 11 Truce of Bourbourg, England and France make a truce or Picardy
1374 April 23 Geoffrey Chaucer given a pitcher of wine per day by Edward III
1374 June 8 Geoffrey Chaucer becomes Controller of Customs for London
1374 August 4 Earl of Salisbury relieves siege of Brest
1374 After August 4 Nantes surrenders to the French
1374 August 28 town of La Réole surrendered to the French
1374 September 2 Bergerac surrenders to the French
1374 September 8 castle of La Réole surrendered to the French
1374 Mid September Sainte-Foy la Grande and Castillon captured by the French
1374 November 1 Bécherel surrendered to the French

1375 Construction of Bolton Castle started by Lord Scrope, the Chancellor to Richard II.
1375 Galilee porch on the West front of Peterborough Cathedral was started
1375 Simon Sudbury became Archbishop of Canterbury
1375 Waldemar IV king of Denmark dies
1375 Oluf becomes king of Denmark
1375 Guild of St James formed as the Guild of Joiners and Ceilers
1375 June 27 Truce of Bruge between England and France, Edwards only holds Calais, Brest, Bordeaux and Bayonne

1376 Thomas Woodstock, the youngest child of Edward III marries Eleanor De Bohun
1376 John Wycliffe publishes "De Civii Dominio" proposing exclusion of clergy from government and removal of wealth from the church
1376 April 28 - July 10 The Good Parliament, the procedure known as Impeachment first appears, Parliament demand supervision on Royal expenditure. First speaker elected was Sir Peter de la Mere, Seneschal to the Earl of March
1376 May Impeachment of Richard Lyons
1376 June 8 Edward of Woodstock, the Prince of Wales dies
1376 July 6 Wenceslaus crowned king of Germany
1376 September 13 Pope Gregory XI takes the Papacy to Rome
1376 September 29 Edward of Woodstock buried at Canterbury Cathedral
1376 November 20 Richard (later Richard II) invested as Prince of Wales
1376 December 19 Battle of Buttisholz Enguerrand de Coucy and the 'Guglers' are defeated by the Swiss
1376 December 25 Battle of Jens 'Guglers' are defeated by the Swiss
1376 December 27 Battle of Fraubrunnen 'Guglers' are defeated by the Swiss

1377 Thomas Woodstock, the youngest child of Edward III created Earl of Buckingham and Inherited the title Earl of Essex from his father in law, Humphrey De Bohun, Earl of Hereford
1377 Construction of Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Bath, by Sir Thomas Hungerford, first speaker of the house of commons
1377 The French land on the Isle of Wight and attack Carisbrooke castle, but the castle did not fall to the French who were paid to leave
1377 Work on Perpendicular style choir and cloisters was begun at Gloucester Cathedral
1377 Cardinal Robert Of Geneva, later antipope Clement VII orders massacre of Cesena, 4000 die
1377 January 27 Parliament Convenes and grants to Edward III a Poll Tax at the rate of four pence (a groat) per head to all over the age of 14
1377 February John Wycliffe and John of Gaunt appear before Church prelates at St Pauls Cathedral
1377 May Pope Gregory XI issues Papal Bull condemning errors of John Wyclif
1377 June 21 Edward III dies of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried at Westminster Abbey, he had suffered with senile dementia


1377 June 23 Richard II, 10 year old son of Edward of Woodstock, becomes King
1377 June 29 50 Franco-Castillian ships carrying 4000 troops led by Jean de Vienne, cross the channel and sack Rye, and then sail on to attack Folkstone, Portsmouth, Weymouth, Plymouth, Dartmouth and marching 10 miles inland to burn Lewes. The Abbott of Battle, Hamo of Offington, defends Winchelsea against the French attack
1377 July French and Spanish fleet attack the Isle of Wight
1377 July 16 Richard II was crowned king of England. Ceremonies were overseen by his uncle John of Gaunt
1377 August French fleet returns and burns Hastings and is beaten off at Southampton and Poole
1377 September 1 English defeated by French at Eymet
1377 November 26 Charter issued for the founding of St. Mary's College at Oxford, England

1378 Canterbury Cathedral rebuilding work on the nave and transept started. The designer was Henry Yeveley, one of the greatest architects in the late medieval period
1378 A penalty is introduced for the telling of slanderous lies against the great men of the realm
1378 Florence, revolt of the Ciompi, the lowest class of workers, with no guilds
1378 March 21 Pope Gregory XI dies
1378 March 20 Florence, Italy, uprising of the lower and middle classes
1378 April Urban VI elected Pope, 1378-89 in Rome
1378 June by treaty with Charles of Navarre, the English take possession of Cherbourg
1378 September 18 John Neville relieves siege of Mortagne by French
1378 September 20 Clement VII is installed as pope in Avignon at the invitation of Charles V, start of the papal Schism
1378 November 29 Charles IV the Holy Roman Emperor dies
1378 December 18 Charles V confiscates the Duchy of John VI of Brittany

1379 New College Oxford founded by William of Wykeham, the foundations being laid in 1380
1379 January Graduated Poll Tax introduced for war with France but brings in £20,000 instead of the planned £50,000
1379 April English and French Parley at Boulogne
1379 May 4 Isabella Plantaganet, daughter of Edward III dies
1379 July, Anjou, France rebellion after a tax of 12 Franc's per hearth is introduced
1379 August 3 Jean IV returns to Brittany with an English naval escort led by Hugh Calveley
1379 October, Montpellier, Anjou, France 50 Councilors and 80 others massacred in revolt
1379 December 15, 26 English ships are lost in a storm off the Irish coast

1380 Caldicot Castle passes to Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester
1380 John Wycliffe begins to translate the New Testament from Greek into English
1380 Construction of Wressle Castle by Sir Thomas Percy
1380 Henry of Lancaster, aged 13, marries Mary de Bohun
1380 Richard II takes control, since coming to the throne in 1377, Richard had been too young to rule. This ended when the last of the 'continual councils' was dismissed
1380 Richard II pawns crown Jewels for £10,000 to fund expedition to France
1380 Battle of Solway, Scots defeat English
1380 Second Poll Tax
1380 The French and Castilians sack Winchelsea after entering the 'New Gate' by treachery
1380 March 1 French and English parley at Boulogne, forming an offensive and defensive alliance
1380 June 26 Castle of Chaliers taken and held by a mercenary company
1380 July 13 Châteauneuf-de-Randon a mercenary castle is captured by the French led by Bertrand Du Guesclin
1380 July 13 Bertrand du Guesclin Constable of France dies
1380 July 19 Duke of Buckingham lands at Calais with 5,060 men for a raid through France
1380 August French and Castilian fleet raids 15 miles up the Thames and burns Gravesend
1380 September 8 Battle of Kulikovo Field, Russians defeat Mongols of the Golden Horde
1380 September 16 Charles V King of France dies after eating poisonous mushrooms
1380 November 14 Charles VI crowned king of Franceat Rheims

1381 John Nevill, 5th Lord of Raby starts building Raby Castle
1381 France Tuchins rebel in Languedoc against taxes
1381 January 15 Treaty of Vicennes, Charles VI recognises Jean de Montfort as Duke of Brittany
1381 March Duke of Buckingham returns to England
1381 May 30 Peasant uprising starts in Essex
1381 June 7 Peasants' Revolt: Reaches Maidstone where they were joined by Wat Tyler who became their leader. They released John Ball from the church prison
1381 June 10 Peasants Revolt: Reach Canterbury. William Courtenay was elected the new archbishop of Canterbury by the Kentish rebels who crowded into the church. The previous archbishop was in London with the king and was to be beheaded by the rebels. The Essex section of the revolt burnt and sacked a Hospitaller commandery that had previously belonged to the Templars called Cressing Temple
1381 June 10 William Courtenay becomes the Archbishop of Canterbury
1381 June 11 Kentish and the Essex rebels move towards London
1381 June 12 The Essex rebels reach Mile End near Aldgate and the Kentish rebels reach Southwark
1381 June 14 rebels attack Tower of London Richard II presented with a list of rebel demands
1381 June 15 rebel army destroyed and Watt Tyler beheaded by William Waslsworth, lord mayor of London
1381 July 15 John Ball executed for his part in the Peasants Revolt
1381 July 15 Scots attack Beaumaris

1382 A new castle at Sheriff Hutton is begun under the direction of John Neviille
1382 Founding of Winchester College by William of Wykeham
1382 Teutonic Order captures Vilnius and Trakai
1382 January 13 Nicolas Flamel claims to have created silver through alchemy
1382 January 14 Richard II Married Anne, the sister of Wenceslas of Bohemia
1382 February France, tax riots in Laon, Amiens, Reims, Orléans, Rouen
1382 March 1 Paris, France, Maillotin Rising, a revolt by peasants
1382 May Act against heretical preaching
1382 May 5 Phillip Van Artevelde leads rebels to defeat, Count Louis de Male and declares himself regent of Flanders
1382 May 19 or 21, about 2pm Earthquake hits straits of Dover toppling steeples and buildings in London, Bruges, Liege and Ghent, large waves on Thames capsizes ships, the bell tower of Canterbury Cathedral falls. Estimated at magnitude 6.0
1382 October 20 St Mary's College, Westminster, England founded
1382 November, France, riots in Orléans, Blois, Châlons, Reims and Rouen
1382 November 29 French led by Enguerrand de Coucy defeat Flemmish at battle of Roosebeke

1383 October 22 Ferdinand I king of Portugal dies
1383 Worshipful Company of Fishmongers lose their monopoly in trade of fish
1383 May 17 Henry DeSpencer, Bishop of Norwich lands in Calais with 5,000 men for a Crusade against French Clementists

1384 Battle of Bealligh-na-Broig, Earl Ross defeats the clans Iver, Talvich and Laiwe
1384 January England and France sign a 9 month peace treaty
1384 December 31 John Wycliffe dies (1328-1384)

1385 Richard made his uncles Edmund the Duke of York and made Thomas the Duke of Gloucester. Thomas also received the title Duke of Aumale
1385 May, Milan, Gian Galeazzo usurps his uncle Bernabò Visconti
1385 June Act to reform the administration of Justice
1385 Summer French knights with 1500 men arrive in Scotland
1385 August 14 Battle of Aljubarrota Portugal gains independence by defeating Castile
1385 August 31 Richard II invades Scotland
1385 December 18 Peace of Tournai ends unrest in Flanders

1386 King Edward III's daughter, Philippa, Married King Dom Joao I of Portugal
1386 John of Gaunt sails from Plymouth on an expedition to take the Castilian throne
1386 Prince Jogailo of Lithuania baptized and made king of Poland
1386 April French Royal Council decides to invade England
1386 May 9 Treaty of Windsor, João I of Portugal marries Philippa daughter of John of Gaunt
1386 July 9 Battle of Sempach Swiss defeat Austrian army
1386 November French invasion of England postponed, fleet and army disperses

1387 Geoffrey Chaucer begins writing his Canterbury Tales
1387 Jean de Montfort seizes and imprisons Olivier de Clisson
1387 Summer Duke of Guelders challenges the French king
1387 Oluf king of Sweden dies
1387 Margaret I becomes queen of Denmark
1387 August 29 birth of Henry V, king of England (1413-22) / France (1416-19)
1387 December 19 Battle of Radcot Bridge, Berkshire/Oxfordshire border, England, Robert De Vere is defeated by the 'Lords Appellant', of Richard II's uncles and allies

1388 Outbreak of plague, affecting manly adults
1388 Statute of Cambridge, the poor law, forbidding servants from moving from their hundred without permission and making each hundred look after their poor
1388 Sanitary Act prohibits dumping of animal filth and waste into rivers and ditches
1388 February 'The Merciless Parliament' charges with treason Robert de Vere, the Chancellor, Michael de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, the Chief Justice, the Mayor of London and the former tutor of Richard II Sir Simon Burley
1388 August 19 Battle of Otterburn Henry Percy 'Hotspur' defeated by the Scots
1388 September to October Enguerrand de Coucy leads army through Ardennes to Guelders and obtains an apology for the dukes challenge

1389 Truce signed between England and France for 3 years
1389 Justices of the Peace given rights to set labourers wages
1389 Philip de Mézières founds the Order of the Passion of Jesus Christ
1389 Albert king of Sweden dies
1389 Margaret I queen of Denmark also becomes queen of Sweden
1389 Easter Sunday, Prague, 3,000 Jews massacred
1389 June 15 Battle of Kossovo, Ottoman Empire defeats Serb empire
1389 November 2 Boniface IX, elected Pope, 1389-1404

1390 Ralph Lord Lumley builds Lumley Castle, Chester-le-Street
1390 July 1 French Crusade against the Berber Sultan Abou-'l-Abbas in North Africa
1390 April 19 Robert II, king of Scotland died, succeeded by Robert III

1392 to 1393 poor of London suffer a shortage of food and forced to eat apples and nuts
1392 Teutonic Order seizes Polishduchy of Dobrzyn
1392 Mid August France, King Charles VI suffers from a fit of madness

1393 Wardour Castle (now old Wardour Castle) construction begins
1393 France bans tennis, soules (a form of hockey) dice and cards to encourage archery and crossbow skills
1393 Bayezid I also known as Bajazet captures Nicopolis
1393 May England and France extend their truce for 4 years after negotiations at Leulinghen

1394 Richard II travels to Ireland to subdue Irish
1394 Worshipful Company of Mercers receives a Royal Charter
1394 September 16 Pope Clement, the Antipope dies
1394 September 28 Cardinal de Lune elected new Antipope as Benedict XIII

1396 March 12 A peace treaty between England and France to last 28 years is signed
1396 September 25 Battle of Nicopolis Christian army is defeated by the Turks, Enguerrand de Coucy captured
1396 October 27 Charles VI and Richard II meet near Calais
1396 November 4 Richard II married Princess Isabella of France, aged 7

1397 June 12 Englih garrison leave Brest by terms of treaty of 1396
1397 February 18 Enguerrand de Coucy, husband of Edward III's daughter Isabella, dies of wounds from the battle of Nicopolis
1397 September 9 Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III, dies

1398 Richard Whittington becomes Lord Mayor of London
1398 Teutonic Order conquers Gotland and is ceded Samogitia by Witold

1399 Worshipful Company of Fishmongers receives a Royal Chater reinstating their rights lost in 1383
1383 February 3 John of Ghent "Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster, son of Edward III dies
1399 Summer Richard II travels to Ireland to suppress a rebellion
1399 July Henry of Bolingbroke lands at Ravenspur, Yorkshire with 40 followers which quickly grows to 60,000, to claim his inheritance
1399 August Richard II returns and is captured and taken to Pontefract Castle
1399 September 30 Parliament accepts Henry Bolingbroke's claim to the throne
1399 October 13 Richard II abdicates and Henry Bolingbroke becomes Henry IV

1400 February Richard II dies in the Tower of London
1400 October 25 Geoffrey Chaucer dies

1402 Edmund of Langley, son of Edward III dies

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