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William De Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton, 5th Earl of Essex 1312-1360

Born: 1312 Caldecot, Northampton, England

Christened:

Died: 16 September 1360

Buried: on the north side of the presbytery, Walden Abbey, Essex, England

Parents: Humphrey de Bohun VIII, Earl of Hereford and Essex, (born about 1276, Pleshy Castle, Essex, England, died 16 March 1321, Battle of Boroughbridge, York, England) married (14 November 1302, Westminster Abbey, London, England) Elizabeth Plantagenet (born 7 August 1282, Rhudlan Castle, Rhudlan, Flintshire, Wales, died 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England)

Siblings:

Edmund de Bohun

Eleanor/Alianore de Bohun Countess of Ormonde (born 1302 died 7 October 1363) married 1: (1327) James Butler 1st Earl of Ormonde (born about 1304/5 died 6 January 1337/8 or 17 Feb 1337, Gowran, Ireland, buried Gowran, Ireland) married 2: (before 20 April 1344) Thomas De Dagworth (died before August 1350) married 3: John De Bromwich

Hugh de Bohun (born about 1303, died 1305)

Mary de Bohun (born 1305, died 1305)

John de Bohun 5th Earl Hereford and 4th Earl Essex (born 23 November 1306, St Clements, Oxfordshire, England, died 20 January 1335/6) married (about 1325) Alice Fitzalan (born about 1310)

Humphrey de Bohun 6th Earl. Hereford and 5th Earl Essex, (born 6 December 1309, died 15 October 1361, Pleshey, buried Friars Augustine, London)

Margaret de Bohun Countess of Devon (born 3 April 1311, Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died 16 December 1391, Exeter, Devonshire, England) married Hugh de Courtenay 2nd Earl of Devon

Edward de Bohun (born about 1312, Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died 1334) married: Margaret De Ros (born about 1327, Helmsley, Yorkshire, England)

Agnes/Margaret/Aeneas de Bohun de Bohun (born about 1314, Caldecot, Northampton, England, died about 1343) married (21 November 1324) Robert de Ferrers Baron Ferrers of Chartley (born 25 March 1309, Chartley, Staffordshire, England, died 28 August 1350) John married secondly Joan De La Mote (Lady of Willisham)

Isabella de Bohun (born 1316, died 1316)

Married: 1335, Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England

Spouse: Elizabeth de Badlesmere (born 1313, Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died 8 June 1356) daughter of Bartholomew Badlesmere Lord Badlesmere (born 1275, Chilham, Kent, England, died 14 April 1322, Canterbury, Kent, England) married (about 1305, Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England) Margaret de Clare (born 1280/6, Thormond, Connaught County, Clare, Ireland, died 1333, Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England). Elizabeth was the widow of Edmund Mortimer married (27 June 1316) and had one son Roger Mortimer (born 11 November 1328)

Offspring:

Elizabeth de Bohun (born about 1335, Derbyshire, England, died 3 April 1385) married (28 September 1359, Derbyshire, England) Richard Fitz Alan 10th Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey (born 1346, Arundel, Sussex, England, died 21 September 1397, London, England)

Humphrey de Bohun X. 2nd Earl of Northampton, (born about 25 March 1342, died 16 January 1373) married (9 December 1359, Norfolk, England) Joane Fitz Alan Countess of Hereford, (born about 1345/51, Arundel, Essex, England, died 7 April 1419, Saffron Walden, Essex, England)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Azure on a bend Argent, cottised Or, between six lioncells rampant, of the last, three mullets Gules

Crest: On a chapeau d'etat Azure, turned-up Ermine, a lion statant guardant Or, ducally crowned Gules

Knight of the Garter 1349, Stall 13, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Hugh Courtenay. According to the custom upon the admission of the early knights of that order, he executed a deed of gift, dated London, 4 May following, of the advowson of Dadington to the canons of the said chapel.

William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton in 1337 carried a seal with the whole of the family Arms reproduced on it.

William assisted in the overthrow of Roger Mortimer. The manor of High-Wycombe was granted to William de Bohun in 1332. In 1336 William was made Constable of England. In a Parliament William was made Earl of Northampton on March 17 1337 by Edward III, at the occasion of conferring the Dukedom of Cornwall to Prince Edward. The elevation of William de Bohun, with £1,000 a year helped William supply men to Edward III for his campaigns. In 1337 William was appointed one of the commissioners to treat with Philip of Valois, discussing the right of Edward III to the French Crown, and also to negotiate a peace with David Bruce. In October 1339 William was one of the marshals in the third battle of Edward III's army, drawn up against the French at Vironfosse (now known as Buironfosse), but the two armies retired without battle. William took part in the destruction of the French Fleet at the battle of Sluys on 24th June 1340. In 1342, William was made the King's Leutenant and Captain General in Brittany, with powers to receive fealty and homage from the inhabitants on behalf of Edward III under his assumed title as King of France. In August 1342 William de Bohun, Constable of England, along with Robert of Artois, lands in Brest, advances across Brittany and captures Vannes. On 30 September 1342 William de Bohun defeated Charles de Blois at the Battle of Morlay, and took the town of Roch-Dirien by assault. In 1343, William was in the expedition of the Earl of Lancaster into Scotland and was appointed Governor of Lochmaben Castle. Later in 1343 William was back in Brittany. On 16 August 1346 William led a heavy cavalry detachment accross the recently rebuilt bridge over the Seine at Poissy to clear the militia guarding the north bank stationed by King Philippe of France. Together with the Earl of Warwick he led the crossing of the Somme at Blanche-Taque to secure the northern bank and allow the English army to cross prior to the battle of Crecy. At Crecy he led the second battle of the English army on the right wing.

On 10 May 1346 Letters Patent of Edward III, granting license (at the request of William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton) to Richard and Ann Hakoun and John and Isabel Burdoun to grant one quarter of Bricett manor to Bricett priory. The Great Seal of Edward III is attached.

In 1347, he is particularly mentioned by the King in his letter to the Archbishop of York, detailing the events before Calais. Also in 1347 William De Bohun was at the Siege of Calais, with his nephew Hugh Courtenay and in the camp around Calais, the King, upon their joint supplication, excused the Earl of Devon, on account of infirm health, from attending on any military service out of the realm. After the surrender, he probably returned in the Royal suite to England and he was at Eltham Palace, Surrey, towards the close of 1347, distinguishing himself at a tournament, and receiving from the King, as his reward, a hood of white cloth, buttoned with large pearls and embroidered with figures of men in dancing postures.

The Earl of Northampton, who succeeded in 1349 Sir Hugh Courtenay in the seventh Garter Stall on the Sovereign's side in St. George's College Chapel, Windsor, Berks, had licence, on the 26 January 1350, to assign the advowson of Dadington to the custodians and chaplains of the said college, and that, on the 4 May 1350, the Earl completed that donation, which was made in conformity to a custom observed by Knights of the Order soon after the foundation.

The Isle of Foulness lies just off of the Essex coast near Shoebury. The area was already considered an island back in roman times and the name seems to be derived from old English fulga-naess meaning "wild birds nest". Foulness manor in 1235 was granted to Hugh de Burg Earl of Kent , then in 1271 passed down to Guy de Rochford and then his nephew John and then Robert de Rochford in 1324. After this date it is recorded in the records as part of the estate of William de Bohun Earl of Hereford until 1373

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