The Medieval Combat Society

Home Events Join Us Book Us About
Gallery History Heraldry Links For Kids

Historical Information

Thomas Beauchamp 4th Earl of Warwick 1338-1401

Born: 16 March 1338, Warwickshire, England

Christened:

Died: 8 April 1401, St Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England

Buried: St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England

Parents: Thomas Beauchamp 3rd Earl of Warwick (born 14 February 1314, died 13 November 1369, Calais, France, of the plague, buried Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Warwick, England) married Katherine de Mortimer (buried Warwick)

Siblings:

Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, (born about 1337, died 28 April 1360 France, buried Vendôme, France) married (before 1353) Philippa De Ferrers (born about 1337, Groby, Leicestershire, England, died before 10 Aug 1383/1384)

Phillippa Beauchamp Countess of Stafford (born about 1334, Elmley, Worcestershire, England, died before 6 April 1386, Stafford, Staffordshire, England) married (1 March 1350) Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl of Stafford (born 1334, Stafford, Staffordshire, England, died 16 October 1386, Rhodes, Greece)

Maud Beauchamp (born about 1335, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died about 1402, buried St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Roger De Clifford, 5th Baron of Clifford

Joan Beauchamp married (about May 1338) Ralph Bassett 3rd Lord Basset of Drayton (born about 1335, died 10 May 1390)

John Beauchamp (born about 1339, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died 1361)

Roger Beauchamp (born about 1341, Warwick, Warwickshire, Englandwho died without issue

Jerome/Horom Beauchamp (born about 1343, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

William Beauchamp Baron of Abergavenny (born before 1344, died 8 May 1411, will 25 April 1408) married Joan Fitzlan

Reyburn/Reynburne Beauchamp (born before 24 April 1344, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died before 29 July 1361)

Elizabeth Beauchamp (born about 1345 Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Thomas Ufford

Alice Beauchamp (born about 1345, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died 26 October 1383, buried St John's Priory, Bridgewater, Somerset, England) married 1: John Beauchamp (born 20 January 1329/30, Stoke Under Hamden, died 8 October 1361) 3rd Lord Beauchamp, married 2: (between 1371 and 1374) Sir William Gournay

Richard Beauchamp (born about 1347, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Agnes Beauchamp (born about 1348, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Margaret Beauchamp (born about 1350, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Guy de Montford

Juliana Beauchamp (born about 1352, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Catherine Beauchamp (born about 1354, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Isabel Beauchamp (born about 1356, died 29 September 1416) married 1: John le Strange married 2: William Ufford

Married: April 1381, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England

Spouse: Margaret Ferrers (born about 1347, Groby, Warwickshire, England, died 22 January 1406)

Offspring:

Richard Beauchamp 5/13 Earl of Warwick, Comte de Aumale (born 25 January 1381/2 Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England, died 30 April 1439, Rouen, France, buried 4 October 1439, St Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married 1: (before 5 Otober 1397) Elizabeth de Berkley (born about 1386, died 28 December 1422) married 2: (26 November 1423, Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England, by Papal Dispensation) Isabel le Despenser (born 26 July 1400, died 27 December 1439, Friars Minoress, London, England, buried 14 January 1440 Tewksbury Abbey, Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, England). Isabel was the widow of Richard Beuchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester (born before 1397, died 18 March 1422, buried 25 April 1422, Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, England)

Katherine (born about 1382) died young

Margaret (born about 1384)

Katherine (born about 1386)

Elizabeth Beauchamp (born about 1388) married Thomas Legge, Lord Mayor of London

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Gules, a fess between six cross-crosslets Or.

Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a swan's head and neck Argent

Knight of the Garter 1373, Stall 17, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Humphrey de Bohun

Thomas was knighted in 1355. Thomas succeeded his father in 1369 and was the hereditary Sheriff of Worcester and Pantler for coronations. In 1373 Thomas was in France as part of the campaign of John of Gaunt. In 1376 and 1377 Thomas was appointed to supervise the reform of the government of Richard II. In 1377 Thomas was Admiral of the fleet for the North. In 1379 and 1380 Thomas was governor and tutor to Richard II. Thomas took part in the Scottish campaign of 1385 supplying a large number of archers.

In 1387 Thomas was one of the lords who tried to seperate Richard II from his favourites, by overthrowing the advisors. Thomas retired to his estates when Richard II took control of power, but in 1397 at a feast given by Richard II, Thomas was charged with high treason as part of the Earl of Arundel's alleged conspiracy. Thomas was imprisoned in the Tower of London, in which is now called the Beauchamp Tower, and was tried and condemed to death. Thomas threw himself at the mercy of Richard II and pleaded guilty. Richard II took his titles and estates from him and changed the death penalty to a sentence of life imprisonment on the Isle of Man.

In 1398 Thomas was moved back to the Tower of London and after Henry Bolingbroke won victories over Richard II, he was released in August 1399. Thomas was restored to his land and titles when Henry Bolingbroke deposed Richard II to become Henry IV. Thomas advised Henry IV to execute Richard II and joined with Henry IV against the rebellion in 1400.

Medieval Combat Society re-enactment©2003 The Medieval Combat Society

Home EventsJoin UsBook UsAboutGalleryHistoryHeraldryLinksFor Kids Mediaeval Combat Society