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Roger Mortimer Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 2nd Earl of March 1328-1360

Born: 11 November 1328, Ludlow

Christened:

Died: 26 February 1360, Roveray, Burgundy

Buried: Wigmore Priory, Herefordshire

Parents: Edmund Mortimer (died 16 December 1331, Stanton, Shropshire, England) and Elizabeth Badlesmere (one of the daughters of Bartholomew "Le Riche," and sister and co-heiress of Giles, successively Lords Badlesmere) (born 1313, died 1356). Elizabeth's latter married Sir William de Bohun Earl of Northampton (1312-1360)

Siblings:

Half sister by Elizabeth's second marriage, Elizabeth de Bohun (died 1385) married Richard Fitzalan 4th Earl of Arundel (born 1346, died 1397)
Half brother by Elizabeth's second marriage, Humphrey de Bohun K.G. 7th Earl of Hereford (born 1341, died 1372) married Joan Fitzlan (died 1419)

Married: 1354

Spouse: Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, (died 1381)

Offspring:

Roger Mortimer, (died 1398) married Eleanor Holand

Edmund Mortimer "The Good" 3rd Earl of March, 6th Earl of Ulster, (born 1 February 1352, Llyswen, Wales, died 27 December 1381 Cork, buried Wigmore, Herefordshire) betrothed Alice Fitz Alan (but not married), married (24 August1369) Philippa Plantagenet (born 16 August 1355, Eltham, died 5 January 1382), daughter and sole heiress of Prince Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence

Margery Mortimer married John Audley, Lord Audley

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Barry of 6 or and azure the chief pally with a gyron dexter and sinister, an escutcheon argent in honour point

Heraldry of his son and father: barry or and azure, on a chief of the first three pallets between two esquires based of the second, over all an inescucheon argent

Knight of the Garter 1348, Founder Member, Stall 8

The Mortimers were a powerful family living on the English Marches and Welsh borderlands, and intermarried with the Welsh nobility. Roger the 2nd Earl was the son of Edmund Mortimer, who was the son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. The Mortimer family lands and titles were lost after the first earl's revolt and death in November 1330. Roger, 1st Earl, and Isabella, Edward II's Queen, had an adulterous relationship and deposed Edward II and effectively became regents of England when Edward III was in his minority. When Edward III asserted his control, Roger Mortimer the 1st Earl was killed. Edmund, the 2nd Earl's father died in 1331, while Roger was just 3 years old, thus Roger grew up with uncertain prospects, and was to only gradually re-acquire the family honours. During his minority his castles in the marches of Wales were committed to the custody of William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, who had married his mother, becoming his step-father. Around 1342 he received back Radnor, and the next year the old family baronial seat at Wigmore.

Roger attended the King and Prince Edward in France, fighting at Crecy and elsewhere in the campaign of 1346, and may have attained his knighthood when landing at La Hogue. Afterwards Roger was given livery of the rest of his lands, except those held in dower by his mother the Countess of Northampton. Roger was summoned to parliament as a baron in 1348. In 1354 Parliament reversed the sentence passed against his grandfather the first Earl, and the next year he was summoned to parliament as Earl of March. Also in 1355 Roger accompanied Edward III's expedition to France and received a number of important appointments, including Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports, (Five towns originally comprised the Cinque Ports on the Kent and Sussex coast. These were Sandwich, Hythe, Dover, Romney and Hastings). He fought at the battle of Poitiers in 1356.

Roger's grandmother, Joan de Genville, widow of the first earl, died, and Roger inherited her large estate, including Ludlow Castle, which was thereafter the Mortimer family seat. In the following years Roger became a member of the royal council, and was appointed constable at the castles of Montgomery, Bridgnorth, and Corfe. In 1359 and 1360 Roger was constable of Edward III's invasion of France, taking part in the failed siege of Reims and capturing Auxerre. The English forces then moved into Burgundy, where Roger died suddenly of an illness at Rouvray, south of Guillon, near Avallon, Cote-d' Orleans.

Roger married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. Their son Edmund, 3rd Earl of March, intermarried with the Lady Philippa Plantagenet, daughter and sole heiress of Prince Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence. Their son and heir, Roger Mortimer, the 4th Earl, was, in right of his mother, Philippa, declared, in parliament, heir-presumptive to the Crown, failing issue of King Richard II. His descendants claim to the English throne were eventually asserted by his great-grandson, Edward Plantagenet, as King Edward IV.

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