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Robert Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Lord Ufford 1298-1369

Also known as Robert De Ufford or Robert D' Ufford

Born: 10 August 1298

Christened:

Died: 4 November 1369

Buried: Campsey Priory, Campsey, Suffolk, England

Parents: Robert D' ufford (born in 1279 Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 1316) married Cecily Devaloines/de Valoines (born about 1281, died 16 Jul 1325)

Siblings:

William Ufford (born about 1300, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 1382)

Ralph De Ufford, Justiciar of Ireland, (born about 1302, died 9 April 1346, buried Campsey Priory, Suffolk) married (before 8 Aug 1343) Maud "Of Lancaster" Plantagenet (born 1298 Lancaster, Lancashire, England, died 5 May 1377, buried Priory, Campsey, Suffolk, England)

Edmund Ufford (born about 1304 Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 3 October 1375, buried in Lanley, England) married (about 1312, Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, England) Sibilla De Pierrepont

John Ufford (born about 1306, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died in 1348)

Agnes Ufford (born about 1308, Thurston, Suffolk, England)

Eve/Agnes Eva Ufford (born about 1314, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died after May 1370, buried Woodbridge priory married John Braose/ John de Brewes (born 10 August 1306 died after May 1370)

Married: 13 November 1334

Spouse: Margaret De Norwich, Countess of Suffolk (born 1286 Mettingham, Suffolk, England, died 3 September 1375, buried in Campsey Priory, Suffolk, England) daughter of Walter de Norwich (died before 20 February 1329, buried Norwich cathedral) married Catherine de Hendersete (died before 1343), Widow of Piers Braunche. Margaret De Norwich married first Thomas de Cailly Lord Cailly, 1st baron, died before 30 July 1316)

Offspring:

Catharine/Katherine De Ufford, Baroness Scales, (born about 1317 Suffolk, England) married (before 6 May 1335, Suffolk, England) Robert De Scales, 3rd Baron Scales (born before 1314 died 13 August 1369 Newcells, County Hertsfeld)

Joan (betrothed to an East Anglian landowner)

Cecily/Cicely Ufford (born about 1327, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England, died before 29 Mar 1372) married (1343 Suffolk, England) John Willoughby, Baron Willoughby (born about 6 January 1328, Eresby manor, Lincs, died 29 March 1372)

Margaret D' Ufford, Baroness Ferrers (born about 1330, died 2 September 1375, Buttsbury, Essex) married (before 25 Apr 1344) William De Ferrers, Baron Ferrers 3rd Baron Groby, (born about 28 Feb 1332/1333 in Newbold Verdon, England, died 8 January 1371, Stebbing)

Maud Canoness of Campsea Ashe priory

William Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, (Born about 1339, died 15 February 1382) married 1: Joan Montacute (born 2 February 1349, Bugnay, Suffolk, died before 12 June 1376) married 2: Isabel de Beauchamp (died 29 September 1416)

Robert Ufford (died before 29 June 1368) married Elizabeth de Botetourt (died 11 April 1384)

Thomas Ufford (born after 1339, died 1368)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Sable a cross engrailed or.

Crest: A man's head, affrontee, proper, ducally crowned Or.

Knight of the Garter, 1348, Stall 16, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Richard Fitzsimon

Robert Brandon

Robert was granted title to his fathers lands in 1318 although he was under age, Edward II granted them after homage and his mothers in 1325, although he was in Gascony. Robert fought at the battle of Boroughbridge 1322. Robert also obtained a grant for life of the town and castle of Oreford. Robert was involved with the capture of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer in 1330 at Nottingham Castle, by entering through a secret passage. Edward III rewarded him with £200 of lands, by appointing him keeper of the forests south of Trent and later he was made steward of the royal household. He was summoned to Parliament by Edward III, from 1331-1336. Robert took part in the Dunstable Tournament, 1334. Edward III made Robert 1st earl of Suffolk 16 March 1336 with the grant of £20.00 per annum from the revenues of Suffolk. Edward III also gave the Manor of Base court, in the parish of S. Giles without Cripplegate of London, commonly called the Barbican to Robert in 1336.

In January 1337 Robert was appointed an Admiral. Robert was one of the principal commanders of Edward III and went on a diplomatic mission to the King of France in 1338 and with the Count of Flanders in 1339. In an ambush near Lille in 1340 Robert was captured with the Earl of Salisbury and taken to Paris as a prisoner, but was back in England that year, apparently tyhe release was obtained with the help of King John of Bohemia. Robert was back serving in France in 1341. Robert was Admiral of the Fleet north of the Thames, and he may have played a part in the great naval victory of Sluys in 1340. In 1343, Brandon was one of the envoys appointed to treat with the Pope and from 1344 - 47 Robert was frequently in France. Robert provided a Banneret, 36 Knights, 58 Esquires and 63 Archers for the King’s army. Robert was a Marshal of the army, and fought at Crecy 1346, the capture of Calais in 1347. At the siege of Calais in 1346-47 Richard Scrope had his right to bear the family crest of a crab issuing from a ducal coronet was challenged and Robert defended Scrope's honour by stating that this was his right, as Scrope was descended from an ancient family and had every right to bear arms. Robert was appointed to treat for peace with the French in 1350 and Robert fought at Poitiers in 1356. An indenture dated at Westminster 10 July 1355, between the King and Prince Edward, stipulated that the Prince's retinue would be paid by the king for 6 months in advance from the day of their embarkation and should conisist of the Earls of Warwick, Suffolk, Oxford and Salisbury, Sir John de Lisle and Sir Reginald de Cobham, 433 men-at-arms and 700 archers, of whom 400 should be mounted and 300 on foot; which force, as well as the men-at-arms and archers. During the campaign of 1355 he led the Rearguard with the Earl of Salisbury and spent the winter at Saint-Emilion. In 1356 he again campaigned with Prince Edward and at the battle of Poitiers led the rearguard with the Earl of Salisbury.

The church of All Saints in the parish of Thorndon, in the hundred of Hartismere, Suffolk, was built by Robert de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, in 1358. In 1369 Robert de Ufford died, according to his will he was buried in Campsey Priory. To his son William he left his sword with which Edward III had created him the Earl of Suffolk.

Although many East Anglian gentry families listed in the Norfolk and Suffolk roll of arms are represented by more than one individual, the Ufford family from Suffolk is represented by eight separate coats of arms. The identification of these individuals is complicated by the fact their coats of arms were differenced from each other with small brisures and marks. The arms blazoned Sable a cross engrailed Or in dexter chief a fleur-de-lys Argent are labeled as belonging to Sir Walter Ufford, although heraldic reference sources also give the exact coat to his kinsman Sir Ralph Ufford. Similarly, the shield given as belonging to Thomas Ufford, differenced with the addition of an annulet Argent rather than Sir Walter’s fleur-de-lys, was also borne by one Sir Rauf Ufford. Secondary sources suggest that Thomas Ufford was also known to have used a shield bearing an annulet Or, so perhaps either the compiler of the Norfolk and Suffolk roll or the seventeenth century copyist either painted the annulet in the incorrect tinctures or misattributed the annulet Argent to Thomas rather than Rauf.

Robert is mentioned in the book, Sir Nigel by Arthur Conan Doyle "It was the famous Robert de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, who had fought without a break from Cadsand onward through the whole Continental War"

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