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Richard de la Vache Lord of Bolsover 1295-1366

Also known as Richard la Vache

Born: 1295


Died: 1366


Parents: Richard de la Vache married Mabel Maunsell daughter of Thomas Maunsell






Heraldic Coat of Arms: gules, three lyonceux rampant argent crowned or. Described by George Beltz as Gules, three lions rampant Argent, ducally crowned Or; in the centre point a bezant

Crest: A cow's leg Ermine, bent towards the dexter, the hoof upwards Or.

Sir Richard wore gules, three lyonceux rampant argent crowned or differenced with a label gobony or and argent

Knight of the Garter 1356, Stall 9, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John de Lisle

Richard fought at the Siege of Calais 1345-8. In 1347 Richard was summoned by Edward III to support him in arms. In 1358 Richard, was steward of the forest of Shirewood. With the king's army in France, and has with him one armed man and two archers; and in the same vill are 4 free tenants - Roger le Peinerton, William le Wright de Clown, Thomas fil Gilbert, Rich Marjori - who each have goods worth 40s, and in the same vill also are two bowmen - Henry le Webster and William fil Hugo.

Richard was appointed a supervisor of the Will of Edward III and Joan of Kent.

Thomas Maunsell had left two daughters, Mabel and Alice. Mabel was married to the son of Richard de la Vache, also called Richard. Alice married Robert Verdon in about 1283 without her guardian’s permission, and entered on certain lands in Shenley which Margery, widow of Thomas Maunsell held in dower (widow’s share of her husband’s estate). This led to trouble with Richard de la Vache the elder, against whom the Verdons brought a suit in 1284. This was to obtain possession of their moiety (half) of the manor, and both Richard de la Vache the elder and the heirs of Thomas Maunsell laid claim to the manorial rights in Shenley that year. In 1285 both sisters and their husbands redeemed their father’s lands from William de Aette and divided Shenley between them. The moiety appertaining to the Vaches was settled by them in the following year on Robert de Broughton. It was later seized by The Crown for their default against Thomas Poyle, and an attempt to regain it in 1290 evidently succeeded, for in 1294 Richard de la Vache was dealing with land in Shenley. In 1308 he settled his Shenley property on himself for life, with remainder successively to his sons Matthew and Richard and his daughter Maud and their heirs.

Matthew succeeded to Shenley before 1316. In 1326 a settlement was made by Walter de la Vache of a messuage (dwelling house and adjacent buildings) and 24 acres of land in Shenley on himself for life, with remainder successively to William, son of Wymark of Shenley, to Joan, sister of William, to Walter, son of Matthew de la Vache, Thomas his brother and Walter’s heirs. The Vache’s moiety of Shenley Maunsell Manor; as it was called in the 14th and 15th centuries, descended with their manors in Aston Clinton and Chalfont St. Giles with which it was included in the settlements in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. It passed with Aston Clinton to the Kirkham’s, and after the death of Anne Kirkham in 1427, then a widow, it was held by a John Kirkham, who is described as of Shenley in 1435.

The manorial privilages in the 13th century comprised view of frankpledge, held twice a year, and assize of bread and ale, and were enumerated in the grant of Shenley Manor to Edmund Ashfield in 1563. Free warren bestowed on Richard de la Vache in 1303 was still claimed at the end of the 17th century

In 1309 Walter de la Vache was Rector for the Parish Church of St Mary, Shenley

William Burdeleys was presented as Rector of St Mary’s Church, Shenley on the 15 July 1305 by Sir Richard de la Vache. He died in 1309.

Memorials Of The Most Noble Order Of The Garter From Its Foundation To The Present Time, George Beltz, 1841

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