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Historical InformationLionel of Antwerp Heraldry

Lionel Plantagenet of Antwerp, Earl of Ulster, Duke of Clarence 1338-1368

Born: 29 November 1338, Anvers, Anvers, Belgium / Antwerp, Brabant

Died: 17 Oct 1368, Alba, Piedmont, Cuneo, Italy

Buried: Austinfriars, Clare Priory, Suffolk, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)


Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Prince John "Of Gaunt" Plantagenet Earl of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 24 June 1340 St Bavon Abbey, Gand (Ghent), Flandre-Orientale (Belgium), died 3 February 1398 Leicester Castle, England, buried 15 March 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England) married 1: (19 May 1359) Blanche Plantagenet daughter of Henry Plantagenet (born March 25 1345, died 12 September 1369 married 2: Constance, elder daughter of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. (died 1394) married 3: Catherine Roet, daughter of Sir Payne Roet and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford

Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland

Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London)

Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Married 1: 15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England

Spouse 1: Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland)

Offspring 1:

Phillippa Plantagenet Countess of Ulster (born 16 August 1355, Eltham Palace, died 7 January 1382, Cork, Ireland, buried Wigmore) married 1368 Edmund Mortimer Earl of March (born 1 February 1352, Langoed, Brecons, Wales, died 27 December 1381, Dominican Priory, Cork)

Married 2: 28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy

Spouse 2: Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy) daughter of Giovanni/Gian Galeazzo

Offspring 2:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: France (ancient) and England quarterly, a label of three points argent, and on each a canton gules

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 11, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John Beauchamp

Some say died 10 Dec 1368. Burke say married 1352. Earl of Ulster. It is said that he died of food poisoning.

Lionel was named as a compliment to the Duke of Brabant whose badge was a lion. Through his marriage, Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence gained the title of Earl of Ulster 26 January 1347. In May 1359 he took part in the jousts at Windsor, and in October 1359 he accompanied Edward III to France and in his retinue was Geoffrey Chaucer. He gained the title of Duke of Clarence on 13 November 1362.

Lionel was a widower at the age of 29 and travelled to Milan for his marriage to Violante Visconti, the 13 year old daughter of Giovanni Galeazzo. He stopped of at Paris in April 1368 and was accompanied by a retinue of 457 people and 1280 horses. When he arrived in Milan Lionel was escorted by 1500 mercenaries from the White Company, who having finished their service for the Pope now worked for the Visconti. The wedding banquet was held in June 1368 and was attended by Froissart and Geoffrey Chaucer.

Four month after his wedding, Lionel died while in Italy, of an unknown fever.

Last Will and Testament

Lionel Duke of Clarence, in the house of the Duke of Milan, in the City of Alba, the 3d of October 1368. My body to be buried in the Church of the Friars Augustine's at Clare, in the County of Suffolk; to Violenta, my wife, my vestment with gold coronets; to John de Bromwich, Knt. my courser called Gerfacon; to Richard Musard, Knt. a girdle of gold and a courser called Maugeneleyn; to Bartholomew Pygot; to John de Capell, my chaplain, a girdle of gold, to make a chalice in memory of my soul; and to the said John my best portiforium, with musical notes; to Master Nicholas de Haddeley a small portiforium, without notes; to John Wayte, my chaplain, a portiforium, with notes; to Thomas Waleys a circle of gold, with which my brother and Lord was created Prince; to Edmund Mone the circle with which I was created Duke; to Nicholas Bekennesfeld x marks a year out of the manor of Bremsfeld; to Robert Bardolf. And I appoint Violenta, my wife; Bartholomew Pigot, and John de Capell, my chaplain; and Sir John de Bromwich, Knight, my executors. In the presence of Nicholas de Bekennesfeld, Robert Bradway, John Bray, and others. Proved before William Archbishop of Canterbury 6 Ides of June 1369, at Lambeth.

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