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Edmund Plantagenet of Langley, 1st Duke of York, 5th Earl of Cambridge, 1341-1402

Also named as Edmond

Born: 5 June 1341, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England

Christened: King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England

Died: 1 August 1402, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England

Buried: Church of Mendicant Friars, (Dominicans), Langley, Hertfordshire, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Lionel "Of Antwerp" Plantagenet Duke of Clarence (born 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Antwerp Belgium, died 17 October 1368 Alba, Cuneo, Italy, buried in Clare, Suffolk, England) married 1: (15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England) Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland) married 2: (28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy) Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy)

Prince John "Of Gaunt" Plantagenet Earl of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 24 June 1340 St Bavon Abbey, Gand (Ghent), Flandre-Orientale (Belgium), died 3 February 1398 Leicester Castle, England, buried 15 March 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England) married 1: (19 May 1359) Blanche Plantagenet daughter of Henry Plantagenet (born March 25 1345, died 12 September 1369 married 2: Constance, elder daughter of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. (died 1394) married 3: Catherine Roet, daughter of Sir Payne Roet and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford

Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London)

Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Married 1: 1 March 1372, Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England

Spouse 1: Isabella of Castilla and Leon, Duchess of York, (born 1355, Morales, died 23 Dec 1393), daughter of Pedro of Castilla (born 1334, died 1369) and Maria De Padilla (born 1335, died 1361)

Offspring:

1. Edward Plantagenet, 2nd Duke of York, (born 1373, died 25 October 1415, Slain at battle of Agincourt, buried at Fotheringay) married Phillippe de Mohun (died 17 July 1431)

2. Constance Plantagenet, Baroness Despencer, (born 1374 Castle, Conisbrough, Yorkshire, England, died 28 November 1416, reading , Berkshire, buried Reading Abbey, Berkshire) married 1: (6 Apr 1378) Thomas Le Despenser Earl of Gloucester (born 1373, died 13 January 1400, Executed at Bristol), married 2: Sir Edmund de Holland Earl of Kent (born about 6 January 1383, died 15 September 1407, Fatally wounded at castle at Isle de Brehat Brittany)

3. Richard Plantagenet of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, (born September 1375, Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, died 5 August 1415, Executed at Southampton) married 1: (about May 1406) Anne Mortimer (born 27 December 1388, died September 1411), married 2: (about 1411) Maud de Clifford (died 26 August 1446)

Married 2: 4 November 1393

Spouse 2: Joan Holland, Duchess of York, (born 1380, died 12 April 1434) daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan, married 1: Henry Scrope married 2: Henry Bromflete married 4: William Willoughby

Offspring:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: France (ancient) and England quarterly, a label of three points argent, each point charged with three torteaux

Crest: Upon a chapeau Gules, faced Ermine, a lion guardant, and crowned Or, gorged with a label as in the arms.

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 13, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of William de Bohun

Acceded: 6 August 1385, Hoselaw, Teviotdale

Edmund was born in King's Langley, Hertfordshire, then known as "Abbot's Langley". On 6 August 1347 Edmund was granted all the lands beyond Trent from his godfather, the Earl of Surrey. In May 1359 he took part in the jousts at Windsor, and in October 1359 he accompanied Edward III to France. Edmund fought in the campaign in France in 1359/60 and on 13 November 1362 at the age of twenty-one, he was created Earl of Cambridge. Edmund was elected as a knight of the garter at St George's Chapel, Windsor in 1360.

Edward III planned to marry Edmund to Marguerite of Flanders, daughter of Louis de Male, the Count of Flanders, who had run away from marriage to his daughter Isabella. However they were related by the 4th degree so Papal dispensation was sought and under influence of the king of France, Charles V the Pope refused to allow the marriage. The Pope did in 1369 grant permission to the marriage of Charles V son Philip, although they were related also in the 4th degree

Edmund went on expeditions to France in 1369 and 1371, and he also fought in the campaign in France between August 1372 - September 1375. He married in 1372 his first wife, Isabella, who was the daughter of Pedro "the Cruel" of Castile, and they had two sons, Edward and Richard, Earl of Cambridge, and a daughter, Constance (ancestor of queen Anne Neville). He held the office of Constable of Dover Castle 12 June 1376 - 1 February 1381 and also was Warden of the Cinque Ports 12 June 1376 - 1 February 1381. He held the office of Chief Commissioner for the defense of the Kentish coast against the French on 30 June 1377. Also in 1377 Edmund became a member of the council of regency for his nephew Richard II. He fought in the expedition against St. Malo in 1378, and in 1381-82 led a expedition to help Ferdinand I of Portugal against John I of Castile, but the expedition was a failure. He held the office of Chief Commissioner to treat with the ambassador of Bohemia concerning the King's marriage on 29 March 1381. He served against the Scots in 1385 and on 6 August 1385, Edmund was created Duke of York. He held the office of Justice of Chester and county Flint on 28 September 1385. Edmund held the office of member of the Council of Regency on 19 November 1386 and the office of Keeper of the bailiwick of the forests of Rutland and Leighfield on 4 May 1388. He held the office of Commissioner to treat for peace with France on 10 March 1393/4, along with Lancaster. He held the office of Surveyor of the temporalities of the Archbishop of Canterbury on 5 August 1396. Edmund held the office of Keeper of Mortagne-sur-la-Gironde on 24 February 1396/7 and the office of Keeper of Freemantle Park, Hampshire on 12 May 1397. Edmund held the office of Steward of England between 20 March 1399 and August 1399.

After Isabella's death in 1392, Edmund married Joan de Holland, a granddaughter of Joan of Kent. Joan's sister, Margaret, was the daughter-in-law of Edmund's brother, John of Gaunt. They had no children. When Richard II went to Ireland in 1394-95 and again to Ireland in May 1399 he acted as regent. In 1399 when Henry Bolingbroke of Lancaster (Later Henry IV), landed in England, to claim the throne, Edmund opposed him halfheartedly and finally realising that the cause was lost, switched his support to the rebels. On 27 July 1399 at Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England, he made his peace with the new King Henry IV. In 1399 he became a Privy Counselor. After Henry's coronation as Henry IV, Edmund retired from court. Edmund of Langley died in his birthplace, and was buried there, in the church of the mendicant friars. He was originally buried at the monastery, but the tomb was moved to the church after the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII in the 16th century. His dukedom passed to his eldest son, Edward. However, it was through the marriage of his younger son, Richard, that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses made its claim on the throne. The royal house of York takes its name from his creation as duke of York. His son Edward was convicted of treason, and his titles forfeited, in 1415. Edward's son Richard managed to obtain a restoration of the title, however. His eldest son, Edward, was the last to hold the title, as when he became King, his titles merged into the Crown until the title was recreated.

His grandson was Edward IV

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